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AIM This study investigated the mechanisms of protection afforded by the proton pump inhibitor lansoprazole against gastric injury induced by different non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in rats. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally treated with indomethacin (100 micromol/kg), diclofenac (60 micromol/kg), piroxicam (150 micromol/kg) or(More)
This study investigated the mechanisms involved in the protective actions exerted by lansoprazole against experimental gastric injury. Following the intraluminal injection of ethanol-HCl, the histomorphometric analysis of rat gastric sections demonstrated a pattern of mucosal lesions associated with a significant increase in the mucosal contents of(More)
The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be associated with severe adverse digestive effects. In clinical settings, proton pump inhibitors have proven to be effective in preventing and healing NSAID-induced gastroduodenal lesions. The present study investigates the mechanisms of protection afforded by pantoprazole against gastric injury(More)
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic disorders resulting from abnormal and persistent immune responses which lead to severe tissue injury and disturbances in digestive motor/secretory functions. At present, pharmacotherapy represents the cornerstone for the management of IBDs, and recent advances in understanding the immunopathogenesis of(More)
The protective effects of the proton pumpinhibitor lansoprazole on gastric mucosal damage inducedby ethanol-HCl or hemorrhagic shock were investigated inthe present study. The morphometric analysis of gastric histological sections revealed thatlansoprazole dosedependently reduced mucosal injuryevoked by ethanol-HCl (ED50 = 24.3μmol/kg) or hemorrhagic shock(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cells of human blood vessels (arteries and veins) show high levels of somatostatin subtype-1 receptor (sst(1)). The aim of the present study is to investigate the inhibitory effects of novel somatostatin analogs, highly selective for human sst(1), on in vitro angiogenesis and their modulation of vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
The present study investigated the gastroprotective effects of the proton pump inhibitor pantoprazole on gastric mucosal damage induced by ethanol-HCl in rats. Omeprazole was used as reference drug. The morphometric analysis of gastric histological sections revealed that pantoprazole and omeprazole dose-dependently prevented the necrotic mucosal injury(More)
This study examines the role played by cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms (COX-1 and -2) in the regulation of colonic neuromuscular function in normal rats and after induction of colitis by 2,4-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (DNBS). The expression of COX-1 and COX-2 in the colonic neuromuscular layer was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(More)
Prostaglandins regulate various functions throughout the gastrointestinal system. Their biosynthesis depends on cyclooxygenase isoforms, named COX-1 and COX-2. The initial hypothesis that COX-2 is an inducible enzyme has been challenged and its constitutive expression in the stomach has been established. In this study, an immunohistochemical analysis was(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase isoforms (COX-1, COX-2) may exert differential regulatory actions on enteric motor functions under normal or pathological conditions. AIMS To examine the occurrence and functions of COX-1 and COX-2 in the neuromuscular compartment of normal distal colon using human and murine tissue. METHODS Gene expression (human, mouse),(More)