Rocío Herrero-Vanrell

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Macular edema is one of the leading causes of vision loss among patients with retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and posterior chamber inflammatory disease. However, the treatment of macular edema is considerably limited by the difficulty in delivering effective doses of therapeutic agents into the vitreous cavity. In recent years, the(More)
Pathologies affecting the posterior segment of the eye are one of the major causes of blindness in developed countries and are becoming more prevalent due to the increase in society longevity. Successful therapy of diseases affecting the back of the eye requires effective concentrations of the active substance maintained during a long period of time in the(More)
PURPOSE 5-Methoxy-carbonylamino-N-acetyltryptamine (5-MCA-NAT, a melatonin receptor agonist) produces a clear intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction in New Zealand White rabbits and glaucomatous monkeys. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether the hypotensive effect of 5-MCA-NAT was enhanced by the presence of cellulose derivatives, some of them with(More)
For the treatment of chronic ocular diseases such as glaucoma, continuous instillations of eye drops are needed. However, frequent administrations of hypotensive topical formulations can produce adverse ocular surface effects due to the active substance or other components of the formulation, such as preservatives or other excipients. Thus the development(More)
PURPOSE Dry eye (DE) includes a group of diseases related to tear film disorders. Current trends for DE therapy focus on providing lipid components to replace the damaged lipid layer. Formulations that contain aqueous and mucin-like compounds may have additional therapeutic benefits for DE patients. The aim of this work was to design and evaluate novel(More)
Development of the first in vitro method based on biosensor chip technology designed for probing the interfacial interaction phenomena between transmembrane ocular mucins and adhesive polymers and dendrimers intended for ophthalmic administration. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique was used. A transmembrane ocular mucin surface was prepared on(More)
EDITORIAL The penetration of drugs in the eye after topical administration is one of the most interesting challenges the pharmaceutical science is facing. The objective of the scientist is to penetrate the protective barriers of the eye without damaging ocular structures. In contrast with other epithelia, the epithelium of the ocular surface is not prepared(More)
PURPOSE To assess the in vitro tolerance and in vivo efficacy of new unpreserved formulations of timolol maleate (TM) in aqueous solutions of bioadhesive polymers used for dry eye treatment and to compare them with three traditional TM formulations: unpreserved Timabak (Thea, Madrid, Spain), benzalkonium chloride (BAK)-preserved Timoftol (Frosst(More)
PURPOSE To test the antiviral effect of ganciclovir released from biodegradable polymer microspheres in rabbit eyes inoculated with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). METHODS Human cytomegalovirus (5 x 10(3) plaque forming unit in 0.1 ml Hank's balanced salt solution) was inoculated 4 days after gas compression vitrectomy. Injected after 2 days was 10 mg of(More)
PURPOSE To assess the neuroprotective effects of ketorolac administration, in solution or delivered from biodegradable microspheres, on the survival of axotomized retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). METHODS Retinas were treated intravitreally with a single injection of tromethamine ketorolac solution and/or with ketorolac-loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)(More)