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We tested the short- and long-term ability of polylactic-glycolic acid (PLGA) microspheres loaded with dexamethasone to reduce ocular inflammation in rabbits elicited by intravitreal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. PLGA microspheres loaded with dexamethasone were prepared by the solvent evaporation technique from an oil/water emulsion and sterilized by(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate how the addition of mucoadhesive polymers to aqueous solutions affects the ocular response of tropicamide (0.2%; w/v). The polymer solutions tested were carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt (CMC-Na; 1%; w/v), hyaluronic acid sodium salt (HA-Na; 0.1%; w/v) and polyacrylic acid (PAA; 0.2%; w/v). Polymeric solutions were(More)
Macular edema is one of the leading causes of vision loss among patients with retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and posterior chamber inflammatory disease. However, the treatment of macular edema is considerably limited by the difficulty in delivering effective doses of therapeutic agents into the vitreous cavity. In recent years, the(More)
The failure of the adult mammalian retina to regenerate can be partly attributed to the barrier formed by inhibitory extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell adhesion molecules, such as CD44 and neurocan, after degeneration. These molecules act to separate a sub-retinal graft from integrating into the host retina. It has been shown that matrix metalloproteinase(More)
Vitreoretinal disorders are one of the major causes of blindness in the developed world. Treatments of these pathologies often include repeated intravitreous injections to achieve intraocular drug levels within the therapeutical range. However, the risks of complications increase with the frequency of intravitreous injections. Controlled drug delivery(More)
PURPOSE To test the antiviral effect of ganciclovir released from biodegradable polymer microspheres in rabbit eyes inoculated with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). METHODS Human cytomegalovirus (5 x 10(3) plaque forming unit in 0.1 ml Hank's balanced salt solution) was inoculated 4 days after gas compression vitrectomy. Injected after 2 days was 10 mg of(More)
Purpose. The purpose of this work was to obtain a sterilized formulation consisting of biodegradable microspheres of poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) for intraocular sustained release of ganciclovir. Methods. Microspheres were prepared using a dispersion of ganciclovir in fluorosilicone oil (FSiO) that was further dispersed in an acetone solution of(More)
Elastin-like polymers (ELPs) are a new kind of protein-based polymers showing interesting properties in the biomaterial field. This work explored the use of self-assembled poly(VPAVG) micro- and nanoparticles as vehicles for the controlled release of the model drug dexamethasone phosphate (DMP). Poly(VPAVG) has shown to form stable particles with a size(More)
The present experimental work describes the use of a novel protein encapsulation method to achieve protection of the biological factor during the microencapsulation procedure. With this aim, the protein is included in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres without any preliminary manipulation, in contrast to the traditional S/O/W(More)
The purpose of this work was to obtain an optimised long-term aciclovir PLGA microspheres formulation for intravitreal administration to minimise, as much as possible, the dose of microspheres to be administered with a suitable particle size for its injection through a 27G needle in a single dose. Microspheres were prepared by the solvent evaporation(More)