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1. In the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rats, the involvement of P2X and P2Y receptors in the generation of astrogliosis in vivo, was investigated by local application of their respective ligands. The agonists used had selectivities for P2X1,3 (alpha,beta-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate; alpha,beta-meATP), P2Y1,12 (adenosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate;(More)
The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing. Cardiac dysfunction often develops, resulting in diverse arrhythmias. These arise from ion channel remodeling or from altered speed and pattern of impulse propagation. Few studies have investigated impulse propagation in the diabetic heart. We previously showed a reduced conduction reserve in the diabetic(More)
This paper discusses the development of an algorithm to mask poor quality data in fluorescence videos of cardiac tissue stained with voltage-sensitive dye. The aim was to simplify further analysis by eliminating the step of manually masking areas of poor signal quality and areas outside the preparation of interest. Our algorithm estimates signal to noise(More)
The calcium content of mitochondria isolated from the Torpedo electric organ was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The mitochondrial fraction was found to contain 830 ng-atom Ca/mg protein. For comparison a fraction of isolated nerve endings contained 250 ng-atom Ca/mg protein. When tissue was continuously stimulated at a frequency of 5 Hz via(More)
The fine structure of the Torpedo electric organ was investigated during different functional states using fixation media with elevated calcium concentrations. When electric tissue was stimulated (5,000 pulses, 5 Hz) and subsequently fixed in an s-collidine buffered aldehyde fixative containing 5 mM CaCl2 mitochondria in both nerve terminals and(More)
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