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Low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status may be associated with neuro-degenerative disorders, in particular Alzheimer's disease, which has been associated with poor dietary fish or n-3 PUFA intake, and low docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status. The present case-control study used an established biomarker of n-3 PUFA intake (serum cholesteryl ester-fatty(More)
Three cases of Mycobacterium avium complex-related lung disorders were associated with two poorly maintained spa pools by genotypic investigations. Inadequate disinfection of the two spas had reduced the load of environmental bacteria to less than 1 CFU/ml but allowed levels of M. avium complex of 4.3 x 10(4) and 4.5 x 10(3) CFU/ml. Persistence of the(More)
Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli (SLTEC) strains are a diverse group of organisms which are known to cause diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis in humans. This can lead to potentially fatal systemic sequelae, such as hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Strains belonging to more than 100 different O:H serotypes have been associated with severe SLTEC(More)
Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are a diverse group of organisms capable of causing severe gastrointestinal disease in humans. Within the STEC family, certain strains appear to have greater virulence for humans. STEC strains carrying eae and belonging to serogroup O157 or O111 have been responsible for the vast majority of outbreaks of STEC(More)
AIMS Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was used to examine the diversity and population structure of Campylobacter jejuni isolates associated with sporadic cases of gastroenteritis in Australia, and to compare these isolates with those from elsewhere. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 153 Camp. jejuni isolates were genotyped. Forty sequence types (STs) were(More)
Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease. Homozygosity for the C677T mutation in the gene for 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is frequently associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, particularly in individuals with low levels of serum folate, and has been directly associated with cardiovascular disease in(More)
The genetic relatedness of Legionella longbeachae isolated in Australia since 1987 was investigated by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis and allozyme electrophoresis. Three radiolabeled probes were used in Southern hybridizations for the RFLP studies. They were Escherichia coli 16S and 23S rRNA and cloned fragments of L. longbeachae(More)
A guinea pig model of experimental legionellosis was established for assessment of virulence of isolates of Legionella longbeachae. The results showed that there were distinct virulence groupings of L. longbeachae serogroup 1 strains based on the severity of disease produced in this model. Statistical analysis of the animal model data suggests that(More)
To understand the basis of pathogenesis by Legionella longbeachae serogroup 1, the importance of the Mip protein in this species was examined. Amino-terminal analysis of the purified, cloned L. longbeachae serogroup 1 ATCC 33462 Mip protein confirmed that the cloned gene protein was expressed and processed in an Escherichia coli background. DNA sequence(More)
Examination of a panel of Legionella longbeachae serogroup 1 strains using a guinea pig model of virulence determined that this clonal species of Legionella shows a remarkable variation in symptoms and disease outcome (Doyle et al., Infect. Immun. 69, 5335-5344, 2001). The presence of plasmids was investigated, as plasmid encoded functions may contribute to(More)