Robyn L. Schecter

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Many in vitro tumor models have been examined to help understand the precise mechanisms responsible for drug resistance. The importance of these results in vivo remains uncertain. MatB 13762 is a rat mammary adenocarcinoma cell line that can be grown both in vitro and as a solid tumor in Fischer 344 rats, thus permitting the examination of tumor cell drug(More)
Persistent infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and exposure to chemical carcinogens correlates with the prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma in endemic areas. The precise nature of the interaction between these factors is not known. Glutathione S-transferases (GST) are responsible for the cellular metabolism and detoxification of a variety of cytotoxic(More)
The effects of GSH depletion in a human breast cancer cell line and a multi-drug resistant subline (ADRr) were determined in a number of experimental conditions. The ADRr cells contained lower GSH concentration which cannot be explained solely on the basis of differences in cell kinetics, and yet the rate-limiting synthetic enzyme gamma-glutamylcysteine(More)
We examined the relationship between intracellular levels of glutathione (GSH), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity, and the kinetics of DNA cross-links induced by the bifunctional alkylating drugs melphalan (MLN), chlorambucil (CLB), and mechlorethamine (HN2) in a rat mammary carcinoma cell line (WT) and in a subline selected in vitro for primary(More)
A major limitation to successful cancer treatment is the existence of drug resistance. While several mechanisms of drug resistance have now been well characterized, mechanisms of resistance to alkylating drugs have remained less well defined. Several experimental models of alkylator resistance have implicated isoforms of glutathione S-transferase (GST) but(More)
Cytosolic glutathione S-transferases are composed of two monomeric subunits. These monomers are the products of different gene families designated alpha, mu, and pi. Dimerization yields either homodimeric or heterodimeric holoenzymes within the same family. The members of this complex group of proteins have been linked to the detoxification of environmental(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is known to play a role in cellular sensitivity to some chemotherapeutic agents and to radiation. Depletion of cellular glutathione increases toxicity of these drugs, and this approach is being explored in the clinic as a form of biochemical modulation using the drug buthionine sulfoximine. The fact that some drug-resistant cell lines have(More)
We previously reported the production of a panel of murine monoclonal antibodies which recognize glycoproteins abnormally expressed in human breast tumours. Using two of these antibodies, a double antibody radioimmunoassay was designed to quantify levels of these breast tumour marker glycoproteins in serum. Marker levels greater than 28 units were(More)
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) represents a multifunctional enzyme family consisting of four known cytosolic isoforms (alpha, mu, pi, and Phi) that detoxify a variety of xenobiotic chemicals and may confer resistance to both chemotherapeutic drugs and carcinogens in various experimental models. GST-pi has already been extensively studied in clinical(More)