Robyn G. Midwinter

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Hypochlorous acid formed by activated neutrophils reacts with amines to produce chloramines. Chloramines vary in stability, reactivity, and cell permeability. We have examined whether chloramine exchange occurs between physiologically important amines or amino acids and if this affects interactions of chloramines with cells. We have demonstrated(More)
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is produced by the neutrophil enzyme, myeloperoxidase, and reacts with amines to generate chloramines. These oxidants react readily with thiols and methionine and can affect cell-regulatory pathways. In the present study, we have investigated the ability of HOCl, glycine chloramine (Gly-Cl) and taurine chloramine (Tau-Cl) to oxidize(More)
A 96 kDa aminopeptidase was purified from Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus NCDO 573. The enzyme had similar properties to aminopeptidases isolated from lactococci and lactobacilli and showed a high degree of N-terminal amino acid sequence homology to aminopeptidase N from Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris. It catalysed the hydrolysis of a range(More)
The present paper describes the physiological properties of recombinant possum TNF-alpha and an adjuvant effect on antibody responses to the model protein antigen, keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH). For these studies recombinant possum TNF-alpha was produced in the yeast Pichia pastoris. The recombinant cytokine was secreted into the culture medium and(More)
Taurine is present in high concentrations in neutrophils, and when the cells are stimulated taurine can react with hypochlorous acid (HOCl) to form taurine-chloramine (Tau-Cl). This compound retains oxidant activity and can affect the neutrophil itself or surrounding tissue cells. We have investigated the effects of Tau-Cl on MAPK signaling in human(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) plays a critical role in the protection of cells, and the inducible enzyme is implicated in a spectrum of human diseases. The increasing prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic morbidities, for which current treatment approaches are not optimal, emphasizes the necessity to better understand key players such as HMOX1(More)
OBJECTIVE Induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protects against atherosclerotic disease in part by promoting reendothelialization. As endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to reendothelialization, we examined the role of HO-1 on bone marrow and circulating EPCs. METHODS AND RESULTS In a rabbit model of aortic balloon injury, pharmacological(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 is critical for iron recycling during red blood cell turnover, whereas its impact on steady-state erythropoiesis and red blood cell lifespan is not known. We show here that in 8- to 14-week old mice, heme oxygenase-1 deficiency adversely affects steady-state erythropoiesis in the bone marrow. This is manifested by a decrease in(More)
Probucol inhibits the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells in vitro and in vivo, and the drug reduces intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis in animals via induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Because the succinyl ester of probucol, succinobucol, recently failed as an antiatherogenic drug in humans, we investigated its effects on smooth muscle(More)
We investigated the activation of three subfamilies of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAP kinase), the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK1/2), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), by the myeloperoxidase-derived oxidant HOCl, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human skin fibroblasts. Treatment of fibroblasts with 10-30 microM HOCl(More)