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Extracts of hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha) have become popular herbal supplements for their well-recognized cardiotonic effects. Many commercial preparations have been used successfully in the treatment of congestive heart failure, although the active principles within these extracts have yet to be conclusively identified. Several hawthorn preparations were(More)
Phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination combined with proteasomal degradation of transcriptional regulators is a recently appreciated mechanism for control of a number of inflammatory genes. Far less is known about the counterregulatory mechanisms that repress transcriptional activity in these pathways during resolution. Here, we investigated the transient(More)
Using either a bone-ligament-bone or a muscle-tendon-bone preparation, numerous investigators have demonstrated that the usual site of separation is in the transitional zone between the ligament (or tendon) and bone; hence, the term junction strength or load at separation is used to describe functional changes in these preparations. Junction strength is(More)
The effects of chronic pressure overload hypertrophy on myocardial blood flow and capillary density was measured in the feline left ventricle. Myocardial hypertrophy was produced by and 84% banding constriction of the ascending aorta 2.8 +/- 1.2 months before the experiments. In seven cats with aortic constriction, cardiac hypertrophy produced a 40%(More)
Training effects on left ventricular (LV) performance were studied in 14 dogs. Nine had chronically implanted LV pressure transducers, five dogs had sham operations. Ventriculographic evaluation of LV function was performed initially in all animals. The sham-operated dogs were killed. The remaining nine dogs were divided into an exercise group (n - 5) and a(More)