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Actophorin is a new actin-binding protein from Acanthamoeba castellanii that consists of a single polypeptide with a molecular weight of 15,000. The isoelectric point is 6.1, and amino acid analysis shows an excess of acidic residues over basic residues. The phosphate content is less than 0.2 mol/mol. There is 0.4 +/- 0.1 mg of actophorin/g of cells, so(More)
Actin and tubulin polypeptide chains acquire their native conformation in the presence of the cytoplasmic chaperonin containing TCP-1 (CCT, also called TRiC) and, in the case of alpha- and beta-tubulin, additional protein cofactors. It has been previously demonstrated that nucleotide exchange and ATP hydrolysis act to switch CCT between conformations that(More)
When microtubules, ordinarily quite rigid structures, are treated in vitro with the anti-tumor drug taxol, they rapidly develop a wavy appearance and become strikingly flexible. A quantitative measure of their flexibility, the reciprocal statistical length, lambda, increases by an order of magnitude when taxol is bound. Subsequent addition of either of the(More)
The microtubules of Antarctic fishes, unlike those of homeotherms, assemble at very low temperatures (-1.8 degrees C). The adaptations that enhance assembly of these microtubules are intrinsic to the tubulin dimer and reduce its critical concentration for polymerization at 0 degrees C to approximately 0.9 mg/ml (Williams, R. C., Jr., Correia, J. J., and(More)
The reversible, concentration-dependent dissociation of the alpha beta dimer of bovine brain tubulin (purified by phosphocellulose chromatography) has been demonstrated by equilibrium ultracentrifugation. The dissociation constant is approximately 8 X 10(-7) M at 4.6 degrees C in PM buffer (0.1 M piperazine-N, N'-bis(2-ethanesulfonic acid), 2 mM ethylene(More)
Kinesin was isolated from bovine brain and used to elicit polyclonal antibodies in rabbits. The specificities of the resulting antibodies were evaluated by immunoblotting. Antibodies purified from these sera by their affinity for brain kinesin react with a polypeptide of approximately 120 kD in extracts from bovine brain, PtK1 cells, and mouse neuroblastoma(More)
Acanthamoebe profilin has a native molecular weight of 11,700 as measured by sedimentation equilibrium ultracentrifugation and an extinction coefficient at 280 nm of 1.4 X 10(4) M-1cm-1. Rabbit antibodies against Acanthamoeba profilin react only with the 11,700 Mr polypeptide among all other ameba polypeptides separated by electrophoresis. These antibodies(More)
Neurofilaments (also called 10-nm filaments or intermediate filaments) from bovine brain were incubated with microtubule protein at 37 degrees C in the presence or absence of 1 mM ATP and in a buffer that allowed microtubule assembly. Falling-ball viscometry revealed that the (non-Newtonian) apparent viscosity of the ATP-containing mixtures is 5-20 times(More)
Cells of differing culture types were inoculated with poliovirus at 37 C, sampled at intervals during the replicative cycle, and examined in thin sections by electron microscopy. The earliest samples, taken at 2 and 5 min postinoculation, showed virus particles adjacent to the exterior of the plasma membrane and others that had apparently penetrated it(More)