Robinson Joannidès

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BACKGROUND Experimental evidence suggests that flow-dependent dilatation of conduit arteries is mediated by nitric oxide (NO) and/or prostacyclin. The present study was designed to assess whether NO or prostacyclin also contributes to flow-dependent dilatation of conduit arteries in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS Radial artery internal diameter (ID) was(More)
Whether NO is involved or not in sustained conduit artery flow-mediated dilatation in humans remains unclear. Moreover, the role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), synthesized by cytochrome epoxygenases and acting through calcium-activated potassium channels, and its relationship with NO during flow-mediated dilatation have never been(More)
BACKGROUND An altered arterial nitric oxide (NO) pathway could partly explain the damage to arteries observed in haemodialyzed (HD) patients. The present study was designed to non-invasively evaluate the NO pathway of peripheral conduit arteries in HD patients. METHODS Twelve normotensive, non-diabetic HD patients treated with erythropoietin and 12(More)
In response to endothelial cell activation, arachidonic acid can be converted by cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which have potent vasodilator and anti-inflammatory properties. EETs are rapidly degraded in vivo to the less active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). Since the(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a key event in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases and appears as a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular events. In this context, biological evaluation of endothelial circulating markers can be helpful. However, functional tests using pharmacological stimuli appear more specific for the study of resistance(More)
Hypertension and diabetes are associated with an increased arterial stiffness. A direct blood pressure-independent effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors on arterial stiffness has never been unequivocally demonstrated. In this mechanistic study, we used an experimental design in which patients responding to 1 month treatment with 4 mg(More)
Although it is well established that nitric oxide contributes to the regulation of resistance arterial tone in humans, its role at the level of large arteries is less clear. Therefore, we assessed in healthy volunteers the effect of local administration of the inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) on basal radial artery(More)
Whether or not a cyclosporine A (CsA)-free immunosuppressant regimen based on sirolimus (SRL) prevents aortic stiffening and improves central hemodynamics in renal recipients remains unknown. Forty-four patients (48 ± 2 years) enrolled in the CONCEPT trial were randomized at week 12 (W12) to continue CsA or switch to SRL, both associated with mycophenolate(More)
Endothelium plays a crucial role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the release of vasoactive factors. Besides nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin, increasing evidences show that endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHF) participate in the control of vasomotor tone through the activation of calcium-activated potassium channels.(More)
Whether a cytochrome P-450 (CYP)-related endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), acting through calcium-activated potassium (K(Ca)) channels, interacts with nitric oxide (NO) to regulate the basal diameter of human peripheral conduit arteries is unexplored in vivo. Radial artery diameter (echo tracking) and blood flow (Doppler) were measured,(More)