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BACKGROUND Neural tube defects (NTD) are complex malformations rare in black Americans and Japanese. The incidence related to births or community-based studies have not been published in Cameroon or in black sub-Saharan countries, except one study in the Nigerian middle belt [Airede KI. Neural tube defects in the middle belt of Nigeria. J Trop Pediatr(More)
From June 1994 to July 1996, 4100 pregnant women living in Yaounde, Cameroon, were tested for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and syphilis. The HIV seroprevalence was 4.2% (95% confidence interval (CI): 3.6%-4.8%), and that of antibodies to Treponema pallidum was 17.4% (95% CI: 16.3%-18.6%) (HIV infection was twice as common in women with(More)
Congenital Plasmodium falciparum malaria in newborns is uncommon in sub-Saharan Africa. A significant number of infants, however, become infected or exposed to malarial antigens either in utero or at delivery and have the potential to produce antimalarial antibodies and memory cells before their first natural infection. In Yaounde, Cameroon,(More)
BACKGROUND Neural tube defect is a serious disabling but preventable congenital malformation with an incidence of 1.99 per 1000 births in Yaounde [A.K. Njamnshi, V. d e P. Djientcheu, A. Lekoubou, M. Guemse, M.T. Obama, R. Mbu, S. Takongmo, I. Kago. Neural tube defects are rare among black Americans but not in Sub-Saharan black Africans: The case of(More)
Pregnant women have an increased susceptibility to infection by Plasmodium falciparum. Parasites may be present in the placenta yet not detectable in peripheral blood smears by routine light microscopy. In order to determine how frequently misdiagnosis occurs, peripheral blood and placental samples were collected from 1,077 Cameroonian women at the time of(More)
There is no consensus about the safe time interval between the deliveries of twins. This retrospective study, conducted from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2004 at the University Teaching Hospital of Yaoundé, Cameroon, was designed to evaluate the safe time interval between deliveries of twins. We analysed 268 twin deliveries. The mean time interval between(More)
BACKGROUND The 2004 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in Cameroon revealed a higher prevalence of HIV in richest and most educated people than their poorest and least educated compatriots. It is not certain whether the higher prevalence results partly or wholly from wealthier people adopting more unsafe sexual behaviours, surviving longer due to greater(More)
More than 550,000 women die yearly from pregnancy-related causes. Fifty percent (50%) of the world estimate of maternal deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa alone. There is insufficient information on the risk factors of maternal mortality in Cameroon. This study aimed at establishing causes and risk factors of maternal mortality. This was a case-control(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria remains a burden for pregnant women and the under 5. Intermittent preventive treatment of pregnant women (IPTp) for malaria with sulfadoxine - pyrimethamine (SP) has since replaced prophylaxis and legislation has been reinforced in the area of insecticide treated mosquito nets (ITNs) in Cameroon. Clinical malaria despite all these(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organisation recommends that each country adopts its own cut-off value of low birth weight (LBW) for clinical use. The aims of this study were to establish a clinical cut-off point for LBW and to determine its incidence, predictors and complications in a sub-urban area's hospital of Cameroon. METHODS We conducted a study in two(More)