Robin Wendell Evans

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BACKGROUND The incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) is used to assess exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is employed as an outcome measure for pulmonary rehabilitation. This study was designed to establish the minimum clinically important difference for the ISWT. METHODS 372 patients (205 men) performed(More)
BACKGROUND Qualitative methodologies are increasingly popular in medical research. Grounded theory is the methodology most-often cited by authors of qualitative studies in medicine, but it has been suggested that many 'grounded theory' studies are not concordant with the methodology. In this paper we provide a worked example of a grounded theory project.(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the oral health status and treatment needs of elderly hostel residents in Melbourne. METHOD One hundred and seventy-five subjects aged 65+ were selected from 20 hostels within a 10 km radius of Melbourne's central business district. RESULTS Subjects were clinically examined and interviewed using a(More)
In the absence of effective caries preventive methods, operative care became established as the means for caries control in general practice. Water fluoridation resulted in a declining caries incidence which decreased further following the advent of fluoridated toothpaste. The challenge today is to develop a non-invasive model of practice that will sustain(More)
The aim of this 2-year prospective cohort study was to determine whether food-level sugar-starch combinations are predictors of dental caries in a low-risk adolescent population. A total of 645 subjects, aged 12-13 yr at baseline, were recruited from 25 secondary colleges in the north-west region of metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Examinations to record(More)
BACKGROUND The most common adjunct to the visual and tactile clinical examination for dental caries is the bitewing radiograph. The aim of this study was to report on treatment planning decisions made by Victorian dentists when given a range of predetermined radiographic scenarios. METHODS A postal survey was conducted to obtain data from 550 dentists(More)
An oral health survey was conducted in 1986 on a representative sample of primary school children in Hong Kong. 1483 Chinese children of both sexes, aged 6-12 yr, attending 56 primary schools were surveyed. The DMFT index for the 6-yr-olds was 0.1, and for the 12-yr-olds it was 1.5. Forty percent of the 12-yr-olds were clinically caries-free. The permanent(More)
We present derivations of star formation histories based on color-magnitude diagrams of three fields in the LMC from HST/WFPC2 observations. One field is located in the LMC bar and the other two are in the outer disk. We find that a significant component of stars older than 4 Gyr is required to match the observed color-magnitude diagrams. Models with a(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine an improved estimate of the critical period for susceptibility to fluorosis in human maxillary central incisors. METHODS The fluorosis score, S, of the incisal (I), middle (M), and cervical (C) third divisions on the labial surface of right maxillary central incisors of subjects (a representative sample(More)