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BACKGROUND Receptor occupancy, or saturation, assays are often utilized in preclinical and clinical development programs to evaluate the binding of a biologic to a cellular target. These assays provide critical information regarding the dose of drug required to "saturate" the target as well as important pharmacodymamic (PD) data. A flow cytometric method(More)
Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reaction of silylene, SiH2, with SO2 have been carried out in the gas phase over the temperature range 297-609 K, using laser flash photolysis to generate and monitor SiH2. The second order rate coefficients at 1.3 kPa (SF6 bath gas) fitted the Arrhenius equation: log(k/cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1)) = (-10.10 ± 0.06) + (3.46(More)
Using semantic techniques, we determined a probabilistic score indicating whether news stories were more optimistic (or solutions-oriented), versus their being more pessimistic (or threnodic). We observed over the length of our study that some news outlets, which were comparable in their topical coverage, quantity of output, and geographical focus, differed(More)
Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reactions of silylene, SiH(2), and dideutero-silylene, SiD(2), generated by laser flash photolysis of phenylsilane and phenylsilane-d(3), respectively, have been carried out to obtain rate coefficients for their bimolecular reactions with 2-butyne, CH(3)C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CCH(3). The reactions were studied(More)
Matrix isolation IR spectroscopy has been used to study the vacuum pyrolysis of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and decamethyl cyclopentasiloxane (D5), and the results interpreted in the context of various kinetic models. In particular, it is shown that the significant pyrolysis products--which include CH3, CH4, C2H2,(More)
Time-resolved studies of germylene, GeH(2), and dimethygermylene, GeMe(2), generated by the 193 nm laser flash photolysis of appropriate precursor molecules have been carried out to try to obtain rate coefficients for their bimolecular reactions with dimethylgermane, Me(2)GeH(2), in the gas-phase. GeH(2) + Me(2)GeH(2) was studied over the pressure range(More)
Cyclopropene is the last of the small strained ring hydrocarbons to have its thermal decomposition subjected to intensive investigation. This critical review describes the nearly 40 year history of this investigation largely by gas kinetic methods with chromatographic analysis. These studies have revealed that cyclopropenes can decompose by a variety of(More)
Quantum yields for photochemical ring opening of six alkylcyclobutenes have been measured in hexane solution using 228-nm excitation, which selectively populates the lowest pi,R(3s) excited singlet states of these molecules and has been shown previously to lead to ring opening with clean conrotatory stereochemistry. The compounds studied in this(More)
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