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A large excess of patients with bladder cancer who have previously been exposed to N-substituted aryl compounds as a result of the production of dyestuff intermediates have the slow phenotype of the enzyme N-acetyltransferase. Among bladder-cancer patients in general, those presenting with T3 or T4 disease or carcinoma-in-situ also show an excess of the(More)
We treated 87 patients with carcinoma in situ of the bladder in a prospective randomized trial of 2 dose levels of intravesically administered alpha-2b-interferon. Patients received either low dose (10 million units) or high dose (100 million units) recombinant alpha-2b-interferon weekly for 12 weeks and then monthly for a maximum of 1 year. Of the 47 high(More)
In a randomized phase III trial performed by the Urological Group of the European Organization for Research on Treatment of Cancer low dose estramustine phosphate (280 mg. twice daily for 8 weeks and 140 mg. twice daily thereafter) was compared to diethylstilbestrol (1 mg. 3 times daily) in patients with stages T3 to T4, M0 or M1 prostatic cancer. Of 248(More)
Data are presented on a group of cases of primary carcinoma of the bladder, detailing red cell surface blood group antigenic phenotypes, serum haptoglobin phenotypes, and some red cell isoenzyme phenotypes. Account is taken of the stage of the disease at presentation. The results are compared with corresponding phenotype frequencies in groups of presumed(More)
The concentration in serum of testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and albumin has been measured, and from these measurements free testosterone has been calculated in 75 patients with carcinoma of the prostate treated with either bilateral orchidectomy, stilbestrol, or estramustine phosphate (Estracyt). After exclusion of 3 noncompliant(More)
The cytotoxic drug combination of adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil has resulted in a 35% objective response in 20 patients with advanced bladder cancer. This has been achieved with minimal toxicity and on an out-patient basis. If the survival rate of patients with invasive bladder cancer is to be improved it seems likely that some form of systemic treatment(More)
Radical radiotherapy alone has been compared with radical radiotherapy followed by chemotherapy using doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and 5-fluorouracil in a randomised prospective study on 129 patients presenting with T3, NX, MO transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. One hundred and ten patients were evaluable with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. The(More)
Intravesical chemotherapy has been shown to prolong the interval free of disease and to reduce the tumor recurrence rates in patients with superficial bladder cancer. These observations led us to consider whether a course of intravesical chemotherapy might provide a long-term decrease in the recurrent tumor rate or reduce the incidence of progression to(More)