Robin Turner

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Observed spectra normally contain spurious features along with those of interest and it is common practice to employ one of several available algorithms to remove the unwanted components. Low frequency spurious components are often referred to as 'baseline', 'background', and/or 'background noise'. Here we examine a cross-section of non-instrumental methods(More)
Raman microspectroscopy is an attractive approach for chemical imaging of biological specimens, including live cells, without the need for chemi-selective stains. Using a microspectrometer, near-infrared Raman spectra throughout the range 663 cm(-1) to 1220 cm(-1) were obtained from colonies of CA1 human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and CA1 cells that had(More)
Charge-coupled device detectors are vulnerable to cosmic rays that can contaminate Raman spectra with positive going spikes. Because spikes can adversely affect spectral processing and data analyses, they must be removed. Although both hardware-based and software-based spike removal methods exist, they typically require parameter and threshold specification(More)
Various tasks, for example, the determination of signal-to-noise ratios, require the estimation of noise levels in a spectrum. This is generally accomplished by calculating the standard deviation of manually chosen points in a region of the spectrum that has a flat baseline and is otherwise devoid of artifacts and signal peaks. However, an automated(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESC), derived from preimplantation embryos, are defined by their ability to both self-renew and differentiate into all of the cells and tissues of a mature animal. Efforts to develop methods for in vitro culture of ESC for research or eventual therapeutic applications are hampered by the lack of rapid, nondestructive assays for(More)
The cuticular waxes on the leaves of Prunus laurocerasus are arranged in distinct layers differing in triterpenoid concentrations (Jetter et al., Plant Cell Environ 23:619–628, 2000). In addition to this transversal gradient, the lateral distribution of cuticular triterpenoids must be investigated to fully describe the spatial distribution of wax components(More)
Caulobacters are biofilm-forming members of the natural flora of soil and aquatic environments, which exhibit several characteristics that make them attractive for development of high surface area microbial bioreactors or biosensors. Although caulobacters are well characterized genetically, little is known about their biofilm-forming characteristics as a(More)
Continued advances toward cell-based therapies for human disease generate a growing need for unbiased and label-free monitoring of cellular characteristics. We used Raman microspectroscopy to characterize four important stages in the 26-day directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to insulin-positive cells. The extent to which the(More)
Several commercially available DNA-staining dyes can yield highly sensitive fluorimetric assays under optimized conditions. However, the high cost of most dyes, coupled with the need for elaborate or expensive instrumentation and/or mL sample volumes, makes assays of this type very costly for routine use. We present a rapid, highly sensitive double-stranded(More)
The nucleolus is a prominent subnuclear structure whose major function is the transcription and assembly of ribosome subunits. The size of the nucleolus varies with the cell cycle, proliferation rate and stress. Changes in nucleolar size, number, chemical composition, and shape can be used to characterize malignant cells. We used spontaneous Raman(More)