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The present study sought to replicate effects of the number of syndemic psychosocial health conditions on sexual risk behavior and HIV infection among a sample of high-risk African American men who have sex with men (MSM) and to identify resilience factors that may buffer these effects. We used baseline data from an HIV risk-reduction trial to examine(More)
The efficacy of eltoprazine, a mixed 5-HT1 agonist, in treating aggressive behaviour in mentally handicapped patients was evaluated in a double-blind, placebo- and baseline-controlled study. In the total sample of 160 patients who entered the 8 week double-blind treatment phase, efficacy was not demonstrated. Also in a 28 week double-blind follow-up study,(More)
Although vaccination has been heralded as one of the 10 greatest public health achievements, how parents differ in their views about vaccination is not well understood. A deeper understanding of these attitudes and beliefs may improve the effectiveness of vaccine communications. In this mailed survey of U.S. parents in January 2001 (return response rate(More)
Despite the interest in the effects of the media on sexual behavior, there is no single method for assessing exposure to a particular type of media content (e.g., sex). This paper discusses the development of six sexual content exposure measures based on adolescents' own subjective ratings of the sexual content in titles in 4 media (i.e., television, music,(More)
We examined the efficacy and mediation of Being Responsible for Ourselves (BRO), an HIV/STI risk-reduction intervention for African American men who have sex with men (MSM), the population with the highest HIV-diagnosis rate in the US. We randomized African American MSM to one of two interventions: BRO HIV/STI risk-reduction, targeting condom use; or(More)
The direction-adaptive discrete wavelet transform (DADWT) proves to be a very competitive alternative in scalable wavelet-based compression of images, yielding impressive compression performance gains in comparison to the classical DWT. A major limitation of DADWT though stems from its complexity, requiring an exhaustive search for the optimum prediction(More)
More prevention effort is required as the HIV epidemic increases among gay and transgender African American youth. Using ecological systems theory and an integrative model of behaviour change, this study examines the sexual behaviour of gay and transgender African American young people as embedded within the unique social and structural environments(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine how girls and young women living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods make decisions relating to sexual debut and HIV prevention. DESIGN Thirty semistructured in-depth interviews. We used a socioecological approach to investigate the role of neighborhood and social context on sexual decision making. SETTING Community-based(More)