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BACKGROUND Culturing of samples of periprosthetic tissue is the standard method used for the microbiologic diagnosis of prosthetic-joint infection, but this method is neither sensitive nor specific. In prosthetic-joint infection, microorganisms are typically present in a biofilm on the surface of the prosthesis. We hypothesized that culturing of samples(More)
Infection is the second most common cause of prosthetic joint failure. Signs and symptoms associated with prosthetic joint infection may develop weeks or even years following arthroplasty. While some patients with prosthetic joint infection present with findings consistent with acute septic arthritis, many present with pain alone. Morbidity and cost(More)
PURPOSE Criteria for the interpretation of synovial fluid are well established for native joint disorders but lacking for the evaluation of prosthetic joint failure. Our aim was to define cutoff values for synovial fluid leukocyte count and neutrophil percentage for differentiating aseptic failure and prosthetic joint infection. METHODS We performed a(More)
Using a prospective database of 1309 displaced acetabular fractures gathered between 1980 and 2007, we calculated the annual mean age and annual incidence of elderly patients > 60 years of age presenting with these injuries. We compared the clinical details and patterns of fracture between patients > 60 years of age (study group) with those < 60 years(More)
The majority of patients with prosthetic joint replacement (arthroplasty) experience dramatic relief of pain and restoration of satisfactory joint function. In the United States, more than.5 million people have a primary arthroplasty each year. Less than 10% of prosthesis recipients have complications develop during their lifetime, commonly as a result of(More)
Staphylococcus lugdunensis has gained recognition as an atypically virulent pathogen with a unique microbiological and clinical profile. S. lugdunensis is coagulase negative due to the lack of production of secreted coagulase, but a membrane-bound form of the enzyme present in some isolates can result in misidentification of the organism as Staphylococcus(More)
Chromosome 6 is a metacentric chromosome that constitutes about 6% of the human genome. The finished sequence comprises 166,880,988 base pairs, representing the largest chromosome sequenced so far. The entire sequence has been subjected to high-quality manual annotation, resulting in the evidence-supported identification of 1,557 genes and 633 pseudogenes.(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) have been shown to be useful for diagnosis of prosthetic hip and knee infection. Little information is available on CRP and ESR in patients undergoing revision or resection of shoulder arthroplasties or spine implants. METHODS/RESULTS We analyzed preoperative CRP and ESR in 636(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-), formed by the reaction between nitric oxide (. NO) and superoxide, has been implicated in the etiology of numerous disease processes. Low molecular weight antioxidants, including uric acid, may minimize ONOO---mediated damage to tissues. The tissue-sparing effects of uric acid are typically attributed to oxidant scavenging; however,(More)
BACKGROUND Fluoroquinolones, such as ciprofloxacin, have an adverse effect on growing cartilage and endochondral ossification in children. This study was carried out to determine whether ciprofloxacin also has an adverse effect on the healing of experimental fractures. METHODS Sixty male 300-gram Wistar rats were divided equally into three groups, which(More)