Learn More
BACKGROUND We describe severe and unexpected multisystem toxicity that occurred during a study of the antiviral nucleoside analogue fialuridine (1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-iodouracil, or FIAU) as therapy for chronic hepatitis B virus infection. METHODS Fifteen patients with chronic hepatitis B were randomly assigned to receive(More)
The incidence rates of travelers' diarrhea (TD) have remained high for the last 50 years. More recently, there have been increasing recommendations for self-initiated therapy and use of prophylactic drugs for TD. We last examined the in vitro susceptibilities of commonly used antibiotics against TD pathogens in 1997. We now examine 456 enteropathogens(More)
PURPOSE In July 2007, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) limited coverage of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia (CIA) through a National Coverage Determination (NCD). The primary objective of this study was to compare transfusion rates in patients with CIA with lung, breast, or(More)
The antiemetic activity of droperidol is attributed to antagonizing the dopaminergic neurons of the chemoreceptor trigger zone. Ondansetron is a serotonin (5HT) receptor antagonist at both peripheral and central 5-HT3 receptor sites with no known action on dopamine-mediated activity. We hypothesized that the combination of these two antiemetics would be(More)
Chronic hepatitis B is a widespread viral illness with the serious sequelae of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Current therapy with interferon is not universally efficacious, and this has led to the evaluation of other antiviral agents. A recent Phase II trial of the nucleoside analogue, fluoroiodoarabinofuranosyluracil (fialuridine, FIAU) was(More)
The clinical records and autopsy data of 75 patients dying with AIDS were reviewed to determine the frequency of individual diseases diagnosed premortem and postmortem, the significance of pulmonary processes found in the lungs at autopsy, and the clinical and pathologic causes of death. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection was identified histologically either(More)
CONTEXT Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are more likely than healthy persons to develop neurally mediated hypotension (NMH) in response to prolonged orthostatic stress. OBJECTIVE To examine the efficacy of fludrocortisone acetate as monotherapy for adults with both CFS and NMH. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial(More)
The complement system contributes to host defenses against invasion by infectious agents. A 35-kilodalton protein, encoded by vaccinia virus and secreted from infected cells, has sequence similarities to members of a gene family that includes complement control proteins. Biochemical and genetic studies showed that the viral protein binds to derivatives of(More)
BACKGROUND Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a major cause of travellers' diarrhoea. We investigated the rate of diarrhoea attacks, safety, and feasibility of a vaccine containing heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) from ETEC delivered to the skin by patch in travellers to Mexico and Guatemala. METHODS In this phase II study, healthy adults (aged 18-64(More)