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CONTEXT St John's wort is a popular herbal product used to treat depression but it has been implicated in drug interactions. OBJECTIVE To assess the potential of St John's wort administration to alter the activity of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes extensively involved in drug metabolism. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Open-label crossover study(More)
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a commonly used food and herbal supplement. The objective of this study was to assess in healthy volunteers (N = 14) the influence of a garlic extract on the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 and 3A4. Probe substrates dextromethorphan (CYP2D6) and alprazolam (CYP3A4) were administered orally at baseline and again after(More)
Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) is the most commonly used herbal preparation in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The objective of this study was to determine whether a characterized saw palmetto product affects the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 or 3A4 in healthy volunteers (6 men and 6 women). The probe substrates dextromethorphan(More)
CONTEXT Clinical supervision is the principal method of training for psychotherapeutic practice, however there is virtually no research on supervision practice in community settings. Of particular interest is the role supervision might play in facilitating implementation of evidence-based (EB) care in routine care settings. OBJECTIVE This study examines(More)
The transmembrane energy-dependent efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) limits a range of drugs from penetrating cells and deposits them into the extracellular space. P-gp is highly expressed in several normal tissues, including the luminal surface of capillary endothelial cells in the brain of humans. In this study, we tested whether olanzapine(More)
Green tea extract is a widely used dietary supplement. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of a decaffeinated green tea (DGT; Camellia sinensis) extract on the activity of the drug-metabolizing enzymes cytochrome P-450 2D6 and 3A4. Probe drugs dextromethorphan (30 mg, CYP2D6 activity) and alprazolam (ALPZ; 2 mg, CYP3A4 activity) were(More)
RATIONALE Methadone maintenance treatment is complicated by the wide variability of efficacy among patients. The large interindividual variability of the plasma concentrations of methadone was previously thought to be responsible for the variable therapeutic efficacy. However, recent studies suggested that methadone may be a substrate of P-glycoprotein(More)
There is minimal existing research providing detailed, reliable data characterizing usual community-based psychotherapy practice, and, thus, limited established methods for such research. This article identifies methodological challenges of usual care descriptive research, including, (a) general design considerations, (b) measurement, (c) data analytic, and(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the brain capillary endothelial cell limits the entry of many drugs into the brain. Our previous in-vitro study using ATPase as a marker of P-gp activity suggested that risperidone might be effectively transported by P-gp. In the present study, we compared the concentrations of risperidone and its major pharmacologically active(More)
Siberian ginseng ([SG]; Eleutherococcus senticosus) is a commonly used herbal preparation. The objective of this study was to assess in normal volunteers (n = 12) the influence of a standardized SG extract on the activity of cytochrome P450 CYP2D6 and 3A4. Probe substrates dextromethorphan (CYP2D6 activity) and alprazolam (CYP3A4 activity) were administered(More)