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In this study, a novel partially parallel acquisition (PPA) method is presented which can be used to accelerate image acquisition using an RF coil array for spatial encoding. This technique, GeneRalized Autocalibrating Partially Parallel Acquisitions (GRAPPA) is an extension of both the PILS and VD-AUTO-SMASH reconstruction techniques. As in those previous(More)
Fast imaging methods and the availability of required hardware for magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) have significantly reduced acquisition times from about an hour down to several minutes or seconds. With this development over the last 20 years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become one of the most important instruments in clinical diagnosis. In(More)
Recently a self-calibrating SMASH technique, AUTO-SMASH, was described. This technique is based on PPA with RF coil arrays using auto-calibration signals. In AUTO-SMASH, important coil sensitivity information required for successful SMASH reconstruction is obtained during the actual scan using the correlation between undersampled SMASH signal data and(More)
In all current parallel imaging techniques, aliasing artifacts resulting from an undersampled acquisition are removed by means of a specialized image reconstruction algorithm. In this study a new approach termed "controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration" (CAIPIRINHA) is presented. This technique modifies the appearance of(More)
Anatomical MRI studies at 7T have demonstrated the ability to provide high-quality images of human tissue in vivo. However, diffusion-weighted imaging at 7T is limited by the increased level of artifact associated with standard, single-shot, echo-planar imaging, even when parallel imaging techniques such as generalized autocalibrating partially parallel(More)
Single-shot echo-planar imaging (EPI) is well established as the method of choice for clinical, diffusion-weighted imaging with MRI because of its low sensitivity to the motion-induced phase errors that occur during diffusion sensitization of the MR signal. However, the method is prone to artifacts due to susceptibility changes at tissue interfaces and has(More)
Parallel imaging is one of the most promising developments in recent years for the acceleration of MR acquisitions. One area of practical importance where different parallel imaging methods perform differently is the manner in which they deal with aliasing in the full-FOV reconstructed image. It has been reported that sensitivity encoding (SENSE)(More)
We have recently introduced a novel MRI methodology, so-called super resolution track-density imaging (TDI), which produces high-quality white matter images, with high spatial resolution and exquisite anatomical contrast not available from other MRI modalities. This method achieves super resolution by utilising the long-range information contained in the(More)
There is ongoing debate whether using a higher spatial resolution (sampling k-space) or a higher angular resolution (sampling q-space angles) is the better way to improve diffusion MRI (dMRI) based tractography results in living humans. In both cases, the limiting factor is the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), due to the restricted acquisition time. One(More)
In transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), knowledge of the distribution of the induced electric field is fundamental for a better understanding of the position and extent of the stimulated brain region. However, the different tissue types and the varying fibre orientation in the brain tissue result in an inhomogeneous and anisotropic conductivity(More)