Robin L. Maser

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Functional analysis of polycystin-1, the product of the gene most frequently mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, has revealed that this protein is involved in the regulation of diverse signaling pathways such as the activation of the transcription factor AP-1 and modulation of Wnt signaling. However, the initial steps involved in the(More)
Analysis of the C-terminal cytosolic domain of human and mouse polycystin-1 has identified a number of conserved protein motifs, including a 20-amino-acid heterotrimeric G-protein activation sequence. A peptide specific for this sequence was synthesized and shown to activate purified bovine brain heterotrimeric Gi/Go in vitro. To test whether the C-terminal(More)
Regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization has been associated with the functions of polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), the protein products of the PKD1 and PKD2 genes. We have now demonstrated that PC1 can activate the calcineurin/NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T-cells) signaling pathway through Galpha(q) -mediated activation of(More)
Metanephric organ culture has been used to determine whether embryonic kidney tubules can be stimulated by cAMP to form cysts. Under basal culture conditions, wild-type kidneys from embryonic day 13.5 to 15.5 mice grow in size and continue ureteric bud branching and tubule formation over a 4- to 5-d period. Treatment of these kidneys with 8-Br-cAMP or the(More)
Transepithelial fluid secretion promotes the progressive enlargement of cysts in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Recent indirect evidence indicated that active chloride transport may drive net fluid secretion in cultures of epithelia derived from ADPKD cysts. We now report that forskolin, which stimulates adenylate cyclase, increased(More)
A DNA fragment homologous to U6 small nuclear RNA was isolated from a human genomic library and sequenced. The immediate 5'-flanking region of the U6 DNA clone had significant homology with a potential mouse U6 gene, including a "TATA box" at a position 26-29 nucleotides upstream from the transcription start site. Although this sequence element is(More)
To investigate abnormalities in gene expression associated with cyst formation in polycystic kidney disease, differential cDNA library screening was carried out using RNA from normal and cystic kidneys of the C57BL/6J-cpk mouse. Among a number of genes found to be abnormally expressed was one (cDNA clone 56-1) that was significantly underexpressed in cystic(More)
Currently, there is little understanding of what factors regulate the development of urine concentrating capability in normal or polycystic kidney. The present study examined the developmental expression of genes associated with urine concentration in developing mice, including C57BL/6J-cpk/cpk mice with autosomal recessive-infantile (AR) polycystic kidney(More)
We examined the osteoblast/osteocyte expression and function of polycystin-1 (PC1), a transmembrane protein that is a component of the polycystin-2 (PC2)-ciliary mechano-sensor complex in renal epithelial cells. We found that MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts and MLO-Y4 osteocytes express transcripts for PC1, PC2, and the ciliary proteins Tg737 and Kif3a.(More)
U3 small nuclear RNA is hydrogen-bonded to high molecular weight nucleolar RNA and can be isolated from greater than 60S pre-ribosomal ribonucleoprotein particles, suggesting that it is involved in processing of ribosomal RNA precursors (pre-rRNA) or in ribosome biogenesis. Here we have used in vivo psoralen cross-linking to identify the region of pre-rRNA(More)