Robin L. Hammond

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Latissimus dorsi skeletal muscle ventricles were constructed in six beagles. They first underwent a period of vascular delay and of electrical preconditioning over several weeks. The skeletal muscle ventricles were then connected to a totally implantable mock circulation that allowed for the chronic measurement of pressures and flows produced by the muscle.(More)
Utilization of skeletal muscle as a myocardial substitute requires it to undergo two major modifications: mobilization to the site of action and adaptation to continuous activity. We have examined the effects of collateral blood vessel ligation, which would accompany mobilization, on blood flow in control and electrically conditioned canine latissimus dorsi(More)
BACKGROUND The successful treatment of cardiac failure by heart transplantation is severely limited by the shortage of donor organs, and alternative surgical approaches are needed. An experimental approach that holds considerable promise is the skeletal muscle ventricle (SMV), an auxiliary blood pump formed from a pedicled graft of latissimus dorsi muscle(More)
Skeletal muscle ventricles (SMVs) were constructed from canine latissimus dorsi and connected to a totally implantable mock circulation device. The SMVs, stimulated by an implantable pulse generator, pumped continuously for up to 8 weeks in free-running beagle dogs. Systolic pressures produced by the SMVs, initially of 139 +/- 7.2 mmHg and after 1 month of(More)
Chronic stimulation converts skeletal muscle of mixed fiber type to a uniform muscle made up of type I, fatigue-resistant fibers. Here, the bioenergetic correlates of fatigue resistance in conditioned canine latissimus dorsi are assessed with in vivo phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P-NMR) spectroscopy. After chronic electrical stimulation, five(More)
A secondary data-reporting system used to scan the archives of a hospital's automated storage and distribution cabinets (ASDCs) for indications of controlled-substance diversion is described. ASDCs, which allow access to multiple doses of the same medication at one time, use drug count verification to ensure complete audits and disposition tracking. Because(More)
We have studied the fatigue rates of hydraulic pouches constructed in the form of a multilayered conical spiral using the latissimus dorsi muscle of 17 beagles. The roles that electrical muscle conditioning and early interruption of collateral blood supply have in the prevention of pouch fatigue were evaluated. The length of time that a pouch could generate(More)
During recent years, private complementary medicine has grown as a significant provider of healthcare in the UK and much of this provision is through small private businesses financed by out-of-pocket payments made by privately paying clients. Using a combined questionnaire (n = 426) and interview survey (n = 49), the present paper considers the potential(More)
To induce fatigue resistance in the latissimus dorsi muscle of the dog in preparation for possible myocardial assistance, eight adult male beagles underwent unilateral electrical stimulation of the thoracodorsal nerve at a frequency of 2 Hz (120 stimuli/min) and 10 Hz (600 stimuli/min) for a 6-week period. The conditioned muscles were compared with their(More)
Skeletal muscle has been rendered fatigue resistant by chronic stimulation and therefore has potential as an active substitute for damaged myocardium. It is therefore important to know whether stimulation produces any deleterious effects in the long term. Hemidiaphragm muscles of four dogs were examined after chronic stimulation for 1 yr at either 2 or 4(More)