Robin L. Garrell

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To realize multiplexed sample preparation on a digital microfluidic chip for high-throughput Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-MS), several fluidic functions need to be integrated. These include the generation of multiple droplets from a reservoir and parallel in-line sample purification. In this paper, we develop two(More)
A new technique for preparing samples for matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) is reported. The technique relies on electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) to move droplets containing proteins or peptides and matrix to specific locations on an array of electrodes for analysis. Standard MALDI-MS reagents, analytes,(More)
An in-line sample purification method for MALDI-MS, which relies on the electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD)-based technique for digital microfluidics, is reported. In this method, a droplet containing peptides and impurities is moved by EWOD and deposited onto a Teflon-AF surface. A droplet of water is subsequently moved over the spot, where it dissolves(More)
This article describes the equilibrium shape of a liquid drop under applied fields such as gravity and electrical fields, taking into account material properties such as dielectric constants, resistivities, and surface tension coefficients. The analysis is based on an energy minimization framework. A rigorous and exact link is provided between the energy(More)
A droplet-based (digital) microfluidics platform has been developed to prepare and purify protein samples for measurement by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Liquid droplets are moved in air by sequentially applying an electric potential to an array of electrodes patterned beneath a hydrophobic dielectric layer. We(More)
Both conducting and insulating liquids can be actuated in two-plate droplet ("digital") microfluidic devices. Droplet movement is accomplished by applying a voltage across electrodes patterned beneath the dielectric-coated top and bottom plates. This report presents a general electromechanical model for calculating the forces on insulating and conducting(More)
In droplet-based ("digital") microfluidics, liquid droplets in contact with dielectric surfaces are created, moved, merged and mixed by applying AC or DC potentials across electrodes patterned beneath the dielectric. We show for the first time that it is possible to manipulate droplets of organic solvents, ionic liquids, and aqueous surfactant solutions in(More)
Cell spheroids are multicellular aggregates, grown in vitro, that mimic the three-dimensional morphology of physiological tissues. Although there are numerous benefits to using spheroids in cell-based assays, the adoption of spheroids in routine biomedical research has been limited, in part, by the tedious workflow associated with spheroid formation and(More)
Functionalized trialkoxysilanes are widely used to modify the surface properties of materials and devices. It will be shown that the photoinitiated radical-based thiol-ene "click" reaction provides a simple and efficient route to diverse trialkoxysilanes. A total of 15 trialkoxysilanes were synthesized by reacting either alkenes with(More)
The common blue marine mussel adheres to underwater surfaces using an adhesive protein (Mefp-1) extruded from its foot. This highly hydroxylated protein contains a number of unusual amino acids, including 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), which is thought to contribute to the crosslinking of the extruded threads and adhesion to the substratum. Mefp-1(More)