Robin L. Dewar

Learn More
Current antiretroviral therapy is effective in suppressing but not eliminating HIV-1 infection. Understanding the source of viral persistence is essential for developing strategies to eradicate HIV-1 infection. We therefore investigated the level of plasma HIV-1 RNA in patients with viremia suppressed to less than 50-75 copies/ml on standard protease(More)
BACKGROUND Limited knowledge exists on early HIV events that may inform preventive and therapeutic strategies. This study aims to characterize the earliest immunologic and virologic HIV events following infection and investigates the usage of a novel therapeutic strategy. METHODS AND FINDINGS We prospectively screened 24,430 subjects in Bangkok and(More)
We examined the effects of human immunodeficiency virus infection on the turnover of CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes in 17 HIV-infected patients by 30 min in vivo pulse labeling with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). The percentage of labeled CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes was initially higher in lymph nodes than in blood. Labeled cells equilibrated between the two(More)
Mucosal Th17 cells play an important role in maintaining gut epithelium integrity and thus prevent microbial translocation. Chronic HIV infection is characterized by mucosal Th17 cell depletion, microbial translocation and subsequent immune-activation, which remain elevated despite antiretroviral therapy (ART) correlating with increased mortality. However,(More)
The gut mucosa is an important site of HIV immunopathogenesis with severe depletion of CD4+ T cells occurring during acute infection. The effect of prolonged anti-retroviral therapy (ART) on cycling and restoration of T lymphocytes in the gut remains unclear. Colon and terminal ileal biopsies and peripheral blood samples were collected from viremic,(More)
BACKGROUND Routine viral load monitoring of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not affordable in most resource-limited settings. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 496 Ugandans established on ART was performed at the Infectious Diseases Institute, Kampala, Uganda. Adherence, clinical and laboratory parameters were assessed for their relationship(More)
The chemokine and HIV receptor CXCR4 has been shown to play a role in chemotaxis and HIV-1 entry into T cells. Dibutyryl cAMP (DcAMP), an analog of cAMP, has been shown to increase CXCR4 cell surface expression and HIV-1 infectivity, but the molecular mechanism(s) responsible is unknown. Here we show that DcAMP treatment of purified human T lymphocytes(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether intensification of standard highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with entry and integrase inhibitors during acute HIV infection (AHI) could yield greater benefits in reducing markers for HIV reservoir size and immune activation. METHODS Thai patients with Fiebig I-IV AHI were prospectively enrolled and offered(More)
We report a case of AIDS presenting as varicella-zoster virus (VZV) meningomyeloradiculitis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) quasispecies compartmentalization within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and a CSF viral load that was 1 log higher than in peripheral blood. Prolonged antiviral therapy for both VZV and HIV type 1 was associated with(More)
This study evaluated correlation and agreement between version 3 of the Quantiplex human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA assay (v3 branched DNA [bDNA]) and a sensitized Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor assay (reverse transcription [RT]-PCR) for the measurement of HIV RNA. Three hundred eighteen samples from 59 randomly selected, HIV-1-seropositive persons(More)