Robin Kirkham

Learn More
Sewers are aging, expensive assets that attract public attention only when they fail. Sewer operators are under increasing pressure to minimise their maintenance costs, while preventing sewer failures. Inspection can give early warning of failures and allow economical repair under noncrisis conditions. Current inspection techniques are subjective and detect(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare the effects on oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (SpO2) and ECG changes of endoscopy alone, sedation followed by endoscopy, and sedation followed by endoscopy with supplemental oxygen (O2) during upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. STUDY DESIGN Randomized trial. SETTING Outpatient gastroenterology clinic at a(More)
Metals and metalloids play a key role in plant and other biological systems as some of them are essential to living organisms and all can be toxic at high concentrations. It is therefore important to understand how they are accumulated, complexed and transported within plants. In situ imaging of metal distribution at physiological relevant concentrations in(More)
In three critically ill patients, central venous catheter--associated foreign bodies were identified while the patients were in the intensive care unit. Two patients had fragments of retained catheter; in the third patient a guide-wire was lost within the vascular tree. The catheter fragments were associated with clinical symptoms while side effects were(More)
A historical self-portrait painted by Sir Arthur Streeton (1867-1943) has been studied with fast-scanning X-ray fluorescence microscopy using synchrotron radiation. One of the technique's unique strengths is the ability to reveal metal distributions in the pigments of underlying brushstrokes, thus providing information critical to the interpretation of a(More)
Bioinorganic chemistry is critical to cellular function. Homeostasis of manganese (Mn), for example, is essential for life. A lack of methods for direct in situ visualization of Mn and other biological metals within intact multicellular eukaryotes limits our understanding of management of these metals. We provide the first quantitative subcellular(More)
The preservation and understanding of cultural heritage depends increasingly on in-depth chemical studies. Rapid technological advances are forging connections between scientists and arts communities, enabling revolutionary new techniques for non-invasive technical study of culturally significant, highly prized artworks. We have applied a non-invasive,(More)
The high brilliance of third-generation synchrotron sources increases the demand for faster detectors to utilize the available flux. The Maia detector is an advanced imaging scheme for energy-dispersive detection realising dwell times per image-pixel as low as 50 µs and count rates higher than 10 × 10(6) s(-1). In this article the integration of such a Maia(More)