Robin J. Dickinson

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BACKGROUND The importance of endogenous antagonists in intracellular signal transduction pathways is becoming increasingly recognized. There is evidence in cultured mammalian cells that Pyst1/MKP3, a dual specificity protein phosphatase, specifically binds to and inactivates ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). High-level Pyst1/Mkp3 expression(More)
To elucidate the physiological role(s) of DUSP9 (dual-specificity phosphatase 9), also known as MKP-4 (mitogen-activated protein kinase [MAPK] phosphatase 4), the gene was deleted in mice. Crossing male chimeras with wild-type females resulted in heterozygous (DUSP9(+/-)) females. However, when these animals were crossed with wild-type (DUSP9(+/y)) males(More)
A structurally distinct subfamily of ten dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) protein phosphatases is responsible for the regulated dephosphorylation and inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family members in mammals. These MAPK phosphatases (MKPs) interact specifically with their substrates through a modular kinase-interaction motif (KIM) located(More)
The effects of general anaesthetics and temperature on carbachol-evoked gamma oscillations in the rat hippocampal brain slice preparation were investigated. The frequency of the oscillations was found to be dependent on temperature in the range 32-25 degrees C, with a linear reduction in frequency from 40-17 Hz over this temperature range. The volatile(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play a vital role in cellular growth control, but far less is known about these signalling pathways in the context of embryonic development. Duration and magnitude of MAPK activation are crucial factors in cell fate decisions, and reflect a balance between the activities of upstream activators and specific MAPK(More)
Hippi functions as an adapter protein that mediates pro-apoptotic signaling from poly-glutamine-expanded huntingtin, an established cause of Huntington disease, to the extrinsic cell death pathway. To explore other functions of Hippi we generated Hippi knock-out mice. This deletion causes randomization of the embryo turning process and heart looping, which(More)
Maintaining genome stability in the germline is thought to be an evolutionarily ancient role of the p53 family. The sole Caenorhabditis elegans p53 family member CEP-1 is required for apoptosis induction in meiotic, late-stage pachytene germ cells in response to DNA damage and meiotic recombination failure. In an unbiased genetic screen for negative(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which the inhalational general anesthetics isoflurane and xenon exert their effects are unknown. Moreover, there have been surprisingly few quantitative studies of the effects of these agents on central synapses, with virtually no information available regarding the actions of xenon. METHODS The actions of isoflurane and xenon(More)
Firefly luciferase is a soluble enzyme which is unusually sensitive to general anesthetics. The inhibition of the highly purified enzyme by three inhalational and three alcohol general anesthetics has been studied as a function of temperature, in the range from 5 to 20 degrees C. Inhibition constants Ki were determined at different temperatures, and van't(More)