Robin J. Barnes

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The Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (Super-DARN), which consists of networks of HF radars surrounding the northern and southern poles, has proven to be an extremely successful experimental technique in a wide range of scientific areas. The basic design of the radars, which contributes to SuperDARN, has remained virtually unchanged since the first radar was(More)
The ionosphere at high latitudes is the site of important effects in space weather. These include strong electrical currents that may disrupt power systems through induced currents and density irregularities that can degrade HF and satellite communication links. With the impetus provided by the National Space Weather Program, the radars of the Super Dual(More)
Normal Thoroughbred and catheterized Pony mares and their fetuses were used. Fetal oestrogen and progestagen concentrations in late gestation were much higher than maternal values. A major feature of the umbilical steroid concentrations was a large venous-arterial difference in progestagens and total oestrogens throughout late gestation which may indicate a(More)
Evidence is presented to show that there is a functional bypass in the liver of the fetal piglet between the umbilical vein and the posterior vena cava. Injections of labelled microspheres (14 micrometer) into the umbilical vein in six fetuses in late gestation resulted in the appearance of radioactivity in the arterial blood and throughout the tissues of(More)
Energy conservation is a key adaptation for desert survival in the Bedouin goat. When food is scarce, metabolism is reduced and body weight can be maintained indefinitely on less than one-half of normal intake. We hypothesized that metabolism would be turned down during both rest and exercise, but it was not. It was low when animals rested and returned to(More)
Continuous infusion of cortisol into adrenalectomized fetal sheep during the last 72 h of gestation (term = 145 +/- 2 days) produced a significant (P < 0.05) rise in fetal serum tri-iodothyronine (T3) mean +/- S.E.M. concentrations from 398 +/- 65 to 1340 +/- 238 ng/l. A concurrent decrease in plasma thyroxine (T4) levels was observed in three out of four(More)
1. The blood flow to the liver in fetuses near term, newborn and adult sheep was measured by the Fick principle, using radionuclide-labelled plastic microspheres, before and during infusion of adrenaline, noradrenaline or glucagon. 2. Glucose output and lactate consumption by the liver in sheep of each age group were calculated by application of the Fick(More)
Insulin secretion and the factors influencing beta-cell function were investigated in the chronically catheterized fetal foal and mare during the second half of gestation. The response of the fetal beta cells to exogenous glucose was also examined. The mean concentration of insulin in the fetal foal was 7.5 +/- 0.5 (S.E.M.) microunit./ml (n = 20) which was(More)