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RATIONALE The acute respiratory distress syndrome is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), a ligand for the endothelial Tie2 receptor, is an endothelial survival and vascular stabilization factor that reduces endothelial permeability and inhibits leukocyte-endothelium interactions. OBJECTIVES We(More)
OBJECTIVES Hemorrhagic shock followed by resuscitation (HSR) commonly triggers an inflammatory response that leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome. HYPOTHESIS HSR exacerbates mechanical stress-induced lung injury by rendering the lung more susceptible to ventilator-induced lung injury. METHODS Rats were subjected to HSR, and were randomized into(More)
There is increasing evidence that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or PDGF-like molecules play a role in fetal lung morphogenesis. Our previous studies demonstrated the presence of PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB homodimers in fetal rat lung. To study further the target cells of PDGF in lung development, immunolocalization studies of PDGF receptors (PDGFR) were(More)
The structural and functional development of the pulmonary system is dependent upon appropriate early vascularization of the embryonic lung. Our previous in vitro studies in a rat model indicated that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a potent angiogenic agent for fetal lung endothelial cells. To assess its role on human vascular lung development, we(More)
To study the role of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in fetal lung development, the distribution of bFGF peptide and FGF receptor (FGF-R) was examined by immunohistochemistry in embryonic and fetal rat lung [d 12 to term (term = 22 d)]. Throughout development bFGF was localized to airway epithelial cells, their basement membranes, and their(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is an agonistic ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and a major environmental carcinogen implicated in the aetiology of lung cancer through the induction of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxidation (BPDE) and BPDE-DNA adducts. Because BaP metabolization requires cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) induction through activation of the AhR, we(More)
We investigated whether alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) might protect neonatal rats from the pulmonary parenchymal and vascular effects resulting from hyperoxic exposure. Neonatal rats born into and maintained in hyperoxia (60% fraction of inspired oxygen) or room air were injected with a loading dose of alpha 1-AT (72 mg/kg) followed by 36 mg/kg every 72(More)
Fibroblast-epithelial interactions were investigated in cells from late-gestation fetal rat lung. Fibroblasts from the pseudoglandular stage of lung development stimulated epithelial cell proliferation, whereas fibroblasts from the saccular stage promoted epithelial cell differentiation. The developmental switch from proliferation to differentiation seemed(More)
PDGF-related gene expression has been well characterized during fetal rat lung development and adult rat lung injury, but not during normal postnatal lung growth or injury. Lung expression of the mRNA for PDGF-A, -B, -alpha R, and -beta R and immunoreactive PDGF-AA, -BB, -alpha R, and -beta R were assessed in rat pups raised in air or 60% O(2) for up to 14(More)
A previously reported serum-free medium for the culture of adult rat type II pneumocytes has been further defined by the addition of 10 mM N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid buffer and 700 U/ml catalase. Both additions significantly enhanced [3H]thymidine incorporation into pneumocyte DNA between days 5 and 6 of culture. In the presence of(More)