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RATIONALE The acute respiratory distress syndrome is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), a ligand for the endothelial Tie2 receptor, is an endothelial survival and vascular stabilization factor that reduces endothelial permeability and inhibits leukocyte-endothelium interactions. OBJECTIVES We(More)
Fetal rat distal lung epithelial cells, in contrast to adult type II pneumocytes, will divide readily in culture in the presence of 10% (vol:vol) fetal bovine serum. The presence of serum makes purification of uncontaminated cell-derived growth factors difficult and modifies cellular responses to oxidant injury. We report the development of a defined(More)
On the basis of in vivo animal studies and on experiments of nature, it has been suggested that fetal breathing movements are essential for normal lung growth in utero. To study this hypothesis in vitro, we examined the effect of mechanical stretch on proliferation of fetal rat lung cells maintained in organotypic culture to provide a three-dimensional(More)
Endothelium-derived NO plays a critical role in the regulation of cardiovascular function and structure, as well as acting as a downstream mediator of the angiogenic response to numerous vascular growth factors. Although endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)-deficient mice are viable, minor congenital cardiac abnormalities have been reported and homozygous(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by widespread loss of pulmonary microvasculature. Therefore we hypothesized that angiogenic gene therapy would reverse established PAH, in part restoring the lung microcirculation. Three weeks after monocrotaline (MCT) treatment, Fisher 344 rats were randomized to receive a total of either 1.5 x 10(6)(More)
Fibroblast-epithelial interactions were investigated in cells from late-gestation fetal rat lung. Fibroblasts from the pseudoglandular stage of lung development stimulated epithelial cell proliferation, whereas fibroblasts from the saccular stage promoted epithelial cell differentiation. The developmental switch from proliferation to differentiation seemed(More)
To study the role of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in fetal lung development, the distribution of bFGF peptide and FGF receptor (FGF-R) was examined by immunohistochemistry in embryonic and fetal rat lung [d 12 to term (term = 22 d)]. Throughout development bFGF was localized to airway epithelial cells, their basement membranes, and their(More)
Exposure of neonatal rats to > or = 95% O2 for 2 wk, a widely used model of oxidant/antioxidant interactions in neonatal lung injury, results in arrested lung growth without the dysplastic lesions observed in chronic human neonatal lung injury. To determine whether dysplastic lung cell growth would be seen at lesser O2 concentrations, we exposed newborn(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is an agonistic ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and a major environmental carcinogen implicated in the aetiology of lung cancer through the induction of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxidation (BPDE) and BPDE-DNA adducts. Because BaP metabolization requires cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) induction through activation of the AhR, we(More)
PDGF-related gene expression has been well characterized during fetal rat lung development and adult rat lung injury, but not during normal postnatal lung growth or injury. Lung expression of the mRNA for PDGF-A, -B, -alpha R, and -beta R and immunoreactive PDGF-AA, -BB, -alpha R, and -beta R were assessed in rat pups raised in air or 60% O(2) for up to 14(More)