Robin G. Walters

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The specific roles of the chlorophyll a/b binding proteins CP29 and CP26 in light harvesting and energy dissipation within the photosynthetic apparatus have been investigated. Arabidopsis was transformed with antisense constructs against the genes encoding the CP29 or CP26 apoprotein, which gave rise to several transgenic lines with remarkably low amounts(More)
It has long been recognized that higher plants vary the composition and organization of the photosynthetic apparatus in response to the prevailing environmental conditions, with particular attention being paid to the responses to incident light. Under high light conditions there are increases in the amounts of photosystems, electron transport and ATP(More)
Non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching (qN) in barley leaves has been analysed by monitoring its relaxation in the dark, by applying saturating pulses of light. At least three kinetically distinct phases to qN recovery are observed, which have previously been identified (Quick and Stitt 1989) as being due to high-energy state quenching(More)
We have constructed Arabidopsis thaliana plants that are virtually devoid of the major light-harvesting complex, LHC II. This was accomplished by introducing the Lhcb2.1 coding region in the antisense orientation into the genome by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 were absent, while Lhcb3, a protein present in LHC II associated with(More)
The capacity for photosynthetic acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. cv. Landsberg erecta was assessed during growth over a broad range of irradiance. Discontinuities in the response to growth irradiance were revealed for the light- and CO2-saturated rate of photosynthesis (P max) and the ratio of chlorophyll a to chlorophyll b (Chl a/b). Three(More)
The thermal dissipation of absorbed light energy by the light-harvesting apparatus of higher plants is important in protecting the photosynthetic machinery from the effects of excess illumination. A major mechanism for such photoprotection, known as trans-thylakoid delta pH-dependent chlorophyll fluorescence quenching (qE), is induced by acidification of(More)
We have investigated the binding to proteins of the photosynthetic apparatus of the carboxy-modifying agent dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, (cHxN)2C; this inhibits the protective dissipation of excess absorbed light energy (qE) by the light-harvesting apparatus of photosystem II (LHCII), suggesting that carboxyl amino-acid side chains within hydrophobic protein(More)
Both obesity and being underweight have been associated with increased mortality. Underweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≤ 18.5 kg per m(2) in adults and ≤ -2 standard deviations from the mean in children, is the main sign of a series of heterogeneous clinical conditions including failure to thrive, feeding and eating disorder and/or anorexia(More)
The regulation by light of the composition of the photosynthetic apparatus was investigated in photomorphogenic mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. cv. Landsberg erecta. Leaf chlorophyll, photosynthesis, photosystem II function, and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase and photosystem II contents were determined for plants grown under(More)
Obesity has become a major worldwide challenge to public health, owing to an interaction between the Western 'obesogenic' environment and a strong genetic contribution. Recent extensive genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with obesity, but these loci together account for only a small(More)