Robin Fraser

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The liver has an established ability to induce tolerance. Recent evidence indicates that this unique property might be related to its distinctive architecture allowing T cells to be activated in situ independently of lymphoid tissues. Unlike lymph node-activated T cells, liver-activated T cells are short-lived, a mechanism that might contribute to the(More)
Morphological changes in the hepatic sinusoid with old age are increasingly recognized. These include thickening and defenestration of the liver sinusoidal endothelial cell, sporadic deposition of collagen and basal lamina in the extracellular space of Disse, and increased numbers of fat engorged, nonactivated stellate cells. In addition, there is(More)
Budgeting, as most corporations practice it, should be abolished. That may sound radical, but doing so would further companies' long-running efforts to transform themselves into developed networks that can nimbly adjust to market conditions. Most other building blocks are in place, but companies continue to restrict themselves by relying on inflexible(More)
The fenestrated sinusoidal endothelium ('liver sieve') and space of Disse in the healthy liver do not impede the transfer of most substrates, including drugs and oxygen, from the sinusoidal lumen to the hepatocyte. Plasma components transfer freely in both directions through the endothelial fenestrations and into the space of Disse. The endothelium is(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Age-related changes in the hepatic sinusoid termed pseudocapillarization have been reported in the rat and human and have implications for disease susceptibility in old age. In this study, we investigated whether similar changes occur in the livers of old baboons and thus represent a widespread aging change. METHODS Liver tissue from five(More)
Aging is associated with marked changes in the hepatic sinusoid, yet the effect of old age on hepatic stellate cells (HSC) has not been well described. Transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry were used to study the effects of aging on HSC in livers from rats (3-4 mths versus 24-27 mths) and mice (2-3 mths versus 20-22 mths).(More)
between structure and function. Through a better understanding of fenestration structure our understanding of its function will be enhanced. Fenestrations are transcellular pores that act as fundamental biological ultra-filters allowing diffusive and convective passage of substrates across cells without relying on endocytosis or other receptor-mediated(More)