Robin F. Brown

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A calicivirus was isolated from the rectum of a Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pup on Rogue Reef, off the southern Oregon coast. Based on the results of neutralization tests with specific typing antisera, the isolate was identified as San Miguel sea lion virus serotype 6 (SMSV-6). Blood obtained from nine of 37 pups (24%) during virus sample(More)
The populations of many native species have increased or expanded in distribution in recent decades, sometimes with negative consequences to sympatric native species that are rarer or less adaptable to anthropogenic changes to the environment. An example of this phenomenon from the Pacific Northwest is predation by locally abundant pinnipeds (seals and sea(More)
K nowledge of an animal's diet is important for understanding its foraging behavior, habitat use, and population dynamics, and this knowledge is of particular importance when considering threatened and endangered species. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) are a case in point. Ranging throughout the North Pacific Rim from California to Japan (Loughlin(More)
Ten virus isolates were obtained from three species of marine mammals sampled on San Miguel Island (California, USA) and 1,200 km north on Rogue Reef (Oregon, USA) during tagging operations in 1986-87. Seven of these 10 were derived from 30 sampled Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus pups, while two of 10 were isolated from one of 19 sampled California sea(More)
The preparation and biological evaluation of a series of 7 beta-[2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-2(Z)-methoximinoacetamido]cep halosporins, substituted at the 3'-position with monocyclic or bicyclic nitrogen-containing heterocycles are described. The resulting family of parenteral compounds displays a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. Some compounds exhibit(More)
The need for p-aminobenzoic acid of a previously reported pab mutant in a Salmonella typhi strain causes loss of virulence (mouse median lethal dose by the intraperitoneal route with mucin, ca. 10(7) CFU, versus less than 200 CFU for related pab+ strains). This strain, however, gave p-aminobenzoic acid-independent revertants at a low frequency (ca. 4 X(More)
Nine matched pairs of cephalosporins and their 1-carba-1-dethiacephalosporin analogues have been compared with regard to microbiological activity, beta-lactam carbonyl infrared absorption, and aqueous stability. In general the microbiological activity of the pairs of compounds were very similar across a broad range of bacteria. The infrared absorption bands(More)
Sera from 145 Steller sea lions (76 adults, three subadults, 37 pups, and 29 fetuses) were tested for neutralizing antibodies to nine marine calicivirus serotypes. Antibodies were found to San Miguel sea lion virus (SMSV) types 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 13, and to Tillamook (bovine) calicivirus, but no antibodies were found to the walrus calicivirus. Titers(More)
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