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This study employed a modification of the intonation unit analysis for conversational discourse developed by Mentis and Prutting. The percentage of total intonation units produced within separate ideational categories was calculated for groups of closed head-injured and normal control subjects as well as the examiner. No significant differences were found(More)
Recent research has established the potential for virtual characters to establish rapport with humans through simple contingent nonverbal behaviors. We hypothesized that the contingency, not just the frequency of positive feedback is crucial when it comes to creating rapport. The primary goal in this study was evaluative: can an agent generate behavior that(More)
Studies were conducted to investigate aphasic deficits in pantomimic behaviors. Three groups of subjects were used: 47 aphasics; 27 right-hemisphere-damaged; and 11 controls. Study I replicates a previous study of pantomimic recognition deficits (Duffy, Duffy, & Pearson, 1975) and essentially duplicates the previous findings of significant deficits of(More)
Stories were elicited under two conditions--story retelling and story generation--from a group of 23 normal young adults and 4 closed head-injured (CHI) adults who had reached a high level of language recovery. Sentence production, intersentential cohesion, and story grammar were analyzed. The results demonstrated that the two elicitation tasks(More)
A slide viewing technique designed to assess spontaneous nonverbal expressiveness was administered to 37 male patients including 8 left hemisphere damaged (aphasic), 10 right hemisphere damaged, 9 Parkinson's disease, and 10 non brain-damaged (control) patients. Patients watched different types of affective slides while their facial/gestural responses were(More)
To better characterize the verbal impairments of higher level closed head injured (CHI) adults, we used narrative stories to longitudinally sample their discourse abilities. Stories were analyzed at the levels of intersentential cohesion and story grammar. Two differing patterns of deficits that emerged are described. In the first, a CHI subject(More)
A pantomime recognition test was developed to study the extent of impairment of pantomime recognition and the relationship between pantomime recognition and verbal deficits in asphasics. This test requires no verbal instructions to the subject and only a simple pointing response. A description and rationale for the test are presented. This new test and(More)
Preliminary findings from an ongoing investigation of the potential relationship between narrative discourse performance and executive functions in adults with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are reported. Narrative stories were elicited from 32 adults with TBI. Stories were analysed at three levels: sentence production, intersentential cohesive adequacy,(More)
A test of simple pantomime was administered to three groups of adults and comparisons were made across groups of the incidence of subjects who exhibited body part as object (BPO) responses and of the mean frequency of occurrence of BPO in each group. The three groups were left-hemisphere-damaged aphasics (N = 28), right-hemisphere-damaged (N = 24), and(More)
To investigate the relationship between success in the acquisition of signs and the degree of severity of aphasic impairment 12 chronic severely aphasic subjects participated in a training program for the acquisition of a vocabulary of manual signs. The results demonstrate a clear and significant relationship between severity of aphasia and success in the(More)