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Journals and Conferences
To ensure the semantic equivalence of the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS)-Spanish Version, multiple methods were used, including back-translation, the committee approach, pretest techniques, and alternate forms equivalence. The back-translation process involved eight translators who represented the four predominant Hispanic groups in the United… (More)
The Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale was developed as a measure of self-efficacy, or confidence, for behaviors related to physical activity and calcium intake. An item pool of 21 statements, responded to on a visual analog self-report format, was reviewed by a panel of expert judges. The revised item stems were tested with a sample of 201 women, ages 35 to… (More)
As attention in health care turns to prevention and health promotion, identification of populations at risk for avoiding care becomes increasingly important. The Infant Care Survey (ICS) is a scale to assess self-efficacy expectations for infant care tasks. Reliability and validity estimates for the ICS are supportive. Descriptions of content, factorial,… (More)
A comparison of pressure reducing properties of alternating air, static air, and water mattress overlays was conducted with 57 patients in a surgical intensive care unit. Sacral and heel pressures in both recumbent and semi-Fowler's positions were tested for each surface using a repeated measures design. Mean pressures for the alternating air mattress were… (More)
Self-efficacy has been documented as a strong predictor of health behaviors. Unfortunately, availability of reliable and valid measures of self-efficacy for a range of health behaviors is still limited. This study validated two measures of cardiac risk factor self-efficacy: the Cardiac Diet Self-Efficacy Instrument (CDSEI) and the Cardiac Exercise… (More)
New mothers' confidence in their infant care skills are important concerns for maternity nurses. In this study, correlates of mothers' self-efficacy ratings on 52 infant care behaviors included in the Infant Care Scale were identified. Data on demographic variables and nurses' ratings of mothers' skill on five selected tasks were collected from 200 mothers… (More)
The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) is a powerful analytic tool, but there continue to be abuses of the method. We review assumptions and illustrate legitimate uses of ANCOVA, and summarize statistical packages' approach to the method. Finally, we consider how ANCOVA is used in contemporary nursing research.
This paper describes the development of a brief scale to measure attitudes toward persons with AIDS. Results from content validation, factor analysis, classical reliability estimation and generalizability analysis show the measure to have strong psychometric properties.
The AIDS Attitude Scale (AAS) is a self-report measure of attitude toward persons with AIDS. Since its introduction in 1992, the AAS has been used in over 30 research studies. Initial psychometric estimates of reliability and validity for the scale were supportive. This report summarizes emerging psychometric data from a broad range of samples. These data… (More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this research was to study the stability internal consistency factor structure, and convergent and discriminate validity of the Hogan Empathy Scale (EM) when used longitudinally with occupational therapy students. METHOD More than 300 occupational therapy students completed the EM once; 192 completed it twice over a 12-month… (More)