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The concept of a ‘target-rich, lead-poor’ pipeline in drug discovery, and widespread concern about the attrition rate of chemical compounds in (pre)clinical development, are together fuelling the search for better quality hits and chemical lead series. Researchers are rising to this challenge by devising new ways to identify chemical leads for specific(More)
Fragment-based lead discovery (also referred to as needles, shapes, binding elements, seed templates or scaffolds) is a new lead discovery approach in which much lower molecular weight (120-250 Da) compounds are screened relative to HTS campaigns. Fragment-based hits are typically weak inhibitors (10 microM-mM), and therefore need to be screened at higher(More)
Using fragment-based screening techniques, 5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazole (IC50 80 microM) was identified as a novel, low molecular weight inhibitor of protein kinase B (PKB). Herein we describe the rapid elaboration of highly potent and ligand efficient analogues using a fragment growing approach. Iterative structure-based design was supported by(More)
The protein Keap1 is central to the regulation of the Nrf2-mediated cytoprotective response, and is increasingly recognized as an important target for therapeutic intervention in a range of diseases involving excessive oxidative stress and inflammation. The BTB domain of Keap1 plays key roles in sensing environmental electrophiles and in mediating(More)
Findings are reported from a replicated evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Organizational Job Satisfaction Scale. Data lend strong support for the scale which assesses four dimensions of organizational job satisfaction. Principal component factor analysis of data from two independent samples of urban staff registered nurses (RNs) (n = 496; n =(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatases regulate signal transduction pathways involving tyrosine phosphorylation and have been implicated in the development of cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension. Increasing evidence suggests that the cellular redox state is involved in regulating tyrosine phosphatase activity through the reversible oxidization of(More)
Fragment-based lead generation has led to the discovery of a novel series of cyclic amidine-based inhibitors of beta-secretase (BACE-1). Initial fragment hits with an isocytosine core having millimolar potency were identified via NMR affinity screening. Structure-guided evolution of these fragments using X-ray crystallography together with potency(More)