Robin C. Ashmore

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Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology aims to help individuals with disability to control assistive devices and reanimate paralyzed limbs. Our study investigated the feasibility of an electrocorticography (ECoG)-based BCI system in an individual with tetraplegia caused by C4 level spinal cord injury. ECoG signals were recorded with a high-density(More)
Brainstem nuclei have well established roles in generating nonlearned rhythmic behaviors or as output pathways for more complex, forebrain-generated behaviors. However, the role of the brainstem in providing information to the forebrain that is used to initiate or assist in the control of complex behaviors is poorly understood. In this study, we used(More)
Brainstem motor structures send output commands to the periphery and are dynamically modulated by telencephalic inputs. Little is known, however, about ascending brainstem control of forebrain motor structures. Here, we provide the first evidence for bottom-up activation of forebrain motor centers by the respiratory brainstem. We show that, in the avian(More)
The caudal dentate nucleus (DN) in lateral cerebellum is connected with two visual/oculomotor areas of the cerebrum: the frontal eye field and lateral intraparietal cortex. Many neurons in frontal eye field and lateral intraparietal cortex produce "delay activity" between stimulus and response that correlates with processes such as motor planning. Our(More)
Precise coordination across hemispheres is a critical feature of many complex motor circuits. In the avian song system the robust nucleus of the arcopallium (RA) plays a key role in such coordination. It is simultaneously the major output structure for the descending vocal motor pathway, and it also sends inputs to structures in the brain stem and thalamus(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To determine whether the intrinsic laryngeal muscles exhibit a response to induced autonomic nervous system (ANS) activation, and to characterize responses that may occur. STUDY DESIGN Prospective within-subjects study. METHODS A cold pressor (CP) task was used to trigger a whole-body ANS response in eight vocally normal adult(More)
Birdsong is a complex learned motor behavior controlled by an interconnected network of vocal control nuclei that are present in both cerebral hemispheres. Unilateral lesions of song nuclei in the left or the right hemisphere result in different effects on song structure, suggesting that normal song output results from the activation of two parallel but(More)
This paper presents "Craniux," an open-access, open-source software framework for brain-machine interface (BMI) research. Developed in LabVIEW, a high-level graphical programming environment, Craniux offers both out-of-the-box functionality and a modular BMI software framework that is easily extendable. Specifically, it allows researchers to take advantage(More)
A brain computer interface (BCI) system was implemented by recording electrocorticographic signals (ECoG) from the motor cortex of a Rhesus macaque. These signals were used to control two-dimensional cursor movements in a standard center-out task, utilizing an optimal linear estimation (OLE) method. We examined the time course over which a monkey could(More)