Robin Bériault

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The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is an essential metabolic network in all oxidative organisms and provides precursors for anabolic processes and reducing factors (NADH and FADH(2)) that drive the generation of energy. Here, we show that this metabolic network is also an integral part of the oxidative defence machinery in living organisms and(More)
Forty nine embryos, twenty unfertilized eggs and five other fresh eggs of 'doubtful' status have been recovered from 58 pony mares in 122 flushes up to 22 days after ovulation. The fresh egg or embryo recovery rate was 78% with surgical methods (or at slaughter) and 40-60% with non-surgical methods of recovery. The fertilization rate was about 70%. It has(More)
We demonstrate a facile blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) technique to detect two malate-generating enzymes, namely fumarase (FUM), malate synthase (MS) and four oxaloacetate-forming enzymes, namely pyruvate carboxylase (PC), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), citrate lyase (CL) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Malate(More)
Gallium (Ga), an iron (Fe) mimetic promoted an oxidative environment and elicited an antioxidative response in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Ga-stressed P. fluorescens was characterized by higher amounts of oxidized lipids and proteins compared to control cells. The oxidative environment provoked by Ga was nullified by increased synthesis of NADPH. The activity(More)
Although aluminum is known to be toxic to most organisms, its precise biochemical interactions are not fully understood. In the present study, we demonstrate that aluminum promotes the inhibition of aconitase (Acn) activity via the perturbation of the Fe-S cluster in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Despite the significant decrease in citrate isomerization(More)
We describe a blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic technique that allows the facile detection, quantitation and purification of three NADPH-producing enzymes. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme and NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase were detected simultaneously. Activity staining based on the formation of NADPH from the(More)
Aluminum (Al) triggered a marked increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as O 2 − and H2O2 in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Although the Al-stressed cells were characterized with higher amounts of oxidized lipids and proteins than controls, NADPH production was markedly increased in these cells. Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE)(More)
Iron (Fe) is a critical element in all aerobic organisms as it participates in a variety of metabolic networks. In this study, aluminum (Al) and gallium (Ga), two Fe mimetics, severely impeded the ability of the soil microbe Pseudomonas fluorescens to perform oxidative phosphorylation. This was achieved by disrupting the activity and expression of complexes(More)
The possibility that the viability of bovine embryos might be predicted by measuring their release of immunoregulatory substances during culture has been investigated. Bovine embryos between days 2 and 19 of gestation were cultured for 24-48 h, the embryo-conditioned medium was harvested and studied for suppression of PHA-stimulated bovine leukocyte(More)
A microcomputer based program for the storage and selective retrieval of experimental animal information has been developed for use on any system which runs under CP/M system software. The program has been designed to be completely conversational, to communicate with the user in French, English, or Spanish, and to allow the user to define the data format(More)
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