Robin A. Parent

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Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by a variety of Penicillium and Aspergillus species which are likely natural contaminants of various foods. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of lifetime administration of patulin in FDRL Wistar rats. Animals received patulin by gastric intubation three times per week at the level of 0.0, 0.1, 0.5 and(More)
Acrolein was tested for mutagenic activity in seven strains of Salmonella typhimurium and one strain of Escherichia coli using a preincubation assay procedure. Cytotoxicity was evident at dosing levels above 33 and 67 micrograms acrolein per plate in the absence and presence of S-9 activation, respectively. Evidence of mutagenic activity was seen at(More)
Teratogenicity studies were performed in rats given N-methylpyrrolidone, a solvent used in chemical processing. Dosages of 75,237 and 750 mg of N-methylpyrrolidone/kg body weight/day were administered dermally to groups of 25 pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats on days 6 through 15 of gestation. Additionally, the study used a positive dermal control.(More)
Five-hundred and sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into one control and three treatment groups (70 of each sex per group). Animals were treated by daily gavage with 0.0, 0.05, 0.5 and 2.5 mg kg-1 acrolein in water (10 ml kg-1). These dosing levels were selected as a result of a 6-week range-finding study. Ten rats of each sex per group were(More)
The metabolites of [2,3-14C]acrolein in the urine and feces of Sprague-Dawley rats were identified after either intravenous administration in saline at 2.5 mg/kg or oral administration by gavage as an aqueous solution as either single or multiple doses at 2.5 mg/kg or as a single dose of 15 mg/kg. Selected urine and feces samples were pooled by sex and(More)
Forty-eight dogs were separated into four groups of six males and six females. Acrolein (0.1% aqueous) was administered in gelatin capsules to three of these groups at dosing levels of 0.1, 0.5 and 1.5 mg kg-1 day-1 based on results of a range-finding study. After 4 weeks, the high dose was increased to 2 mg kg-1 day-1. The fourth group received deionized(More)
Four groups of 30 male and 30 female rats were intubated with 70 daily doses of acrolein at levels of 0, 1, 3, or 6 mg/kg in a dosing volume of 5 ml/kg. Rats within each dosing group (F0 generation) were then assigned to a 21-day period of cohabitation and dosing for females continued through cohabitation gestation and lactation. Males were euthanized after(More)
Pregnant New Zealand white rabbits (20 per group) were treated via stomach tube with 0.0, 0.1, 0.75, or 2.0 mg/kg/day from Days 7 through 19 of presumed gestation and subjected to cesarean sectioning on Day 29. Throughout the period of treatment, clinical observations, feed consumption, and body weights were recorded. At the termination of the study,(More)
The mutagenic potential of acrolein has been studied with a wide range of in vitro and in vivo genetic toxicity assays. The data often have been conflicting, especially with the Ames assay. This study was undertaken to assess the mutagenic potential of acrolein using the CHO/HGPRT assay, both with and without metabolic activation. This assay system was(More)