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This paper describes a study designed to assess the acceptance and some psychosocial impacts of monitoring technology in assisted living. Monitoring systems were installed in 22 assisted living units to track the activities of daily living (ADLs) and key alert conditions of residents (15 of whom were nonmemory care residents). Activity reports and alert(More)
Dopamine is an endogenous catecholamine which exerts its actions by occupancy of specific receptors. Dopamine receptors are classified into two main groups: the two cloned D1-like receptors (D1A and D1B in rats; D1B is also known as D5 in humans) are linked to stimulation of adenylyl cyclase, while the three cloned D2-like receptors (D2 or D2A, D3 or D2B,(More)
Dopamine plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension by regulating epithelial sodium transport and by interacting with vasoactive hormones/humoral factors, such as aldosterone, angiotensin, catecholamines, endothelin, oxytocin, prolactin pro-opiomelancortin, reactive oxygen species, renin, and vasopressin. Dopamine receptors are classified(More)
Techniques such as ballistocardiography (BCG) that can provide noninvasive long-term physiological monitoring have gained interest due to a growing recognition of adverse effects from poor sleep and sleep disorders. The noninvasive analysis of physiological signals (NAPS) system is a BCG-based monitoring system developed to measure heart rate, breathing(More)
The goal of this project is to develop a pedestrian mobility aid for the elderly. In order for this type of assistive technology to be useful and accepted by its intended user community, it must enhance the abilities of users, not replace them. This leads to an agent architecture in which the agent must operate without hindering the user's ability to take(More)
In this paper, we examine at-home activity rhythms and present a dozen of behavioral patterns obtained from an activity monitoring pilot study of 22 residents in an assisted living setting with four case studies. Established behavioral patterns have been captured using custom software based on a statistical predictive algorithm that models circadian(More)
This paper presents preliminary work on the design of control systems for pedestrian mobility aids for the elderly. The elderly are often restricted in their mobility and must rely on canes, walkers and wheelchairs for locomotion. Restrictions in mobility lead to a loss of independence and autonomy, as well as a decrease in muscular strength. This paper(More)
Flexible automation in the form of mobile robots holds the potential for decreasing operating costs while improving delivery performance in mid-size hospital delivery systems. This paper discusses the use of simulation modeling to analyze the costs, benefits, and performance tradeoffs related to the installation and use of a fleet of mobile robots within(More)
Dopamine is an endogenous catecholamine that modulates many functions including behavior, movement, nerve conduction, hormone synthesis and release, blood pressure, and ion fluxes. Dopamine receptors in the brain have been classically divided into D1 and D2 subtypes, based on pharmacological data. However, molecular biology techniques have identified many(More)
D2-like receptors in the kidney have been suggested to be important in the regulation of renin release but the D2-like subtype(s) expressed in juxtaglomerular (JG) cells is not known. Therefore, we determined which of the D2-like family of dopamine receptors is located in primary cultures of rat juxtaglomerular (JG) cells. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase(More)