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In this paper, we use the EcoRI centromeric satellite DNA family conserved in Sparidae as a taxonomic and a phylogenetic marker. The analyses of 56 monomeric units (187 bp in size) obtained by means of cloning and PCR from 10 sparid species indicate that this repetitive DNA evolves by concerted evolution. Different phylogenetic inference methods, such as(More)
The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) is a relevant species in European aquaculture. The small turbot genome provides a source for genomics strategies to use in order to understand the genetic basis of productive traits, particularly those related to sex, growth and pathogen resistance. Genetic maps represent essential genomic screening tools allowing to(More)
In this study, the phylogenetic relationships and which the taxonomic status of the species belonging to the Sparidae family (Pisces: Perciformes) are analysed and revised. This study includes species of this family that are distributed by the North-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts, is based on the analysis of two satellite DNA families. While one(More)
In this paper, we analyze a satellite-DNA family, the RAYSI family, which is specific of the Y chromosomes of Rumex acetosa, a dioecious plant species with a multiple sex-chromosome system in which the females are XX and the males are XY(1)Y(2). Here, we demonstrate that this satellite DNA is common to other relatives of R. acetosa, including Rumex(More)
Ribosomal DNA in sturgeon is informative when analyzed at the molecular level because it bears unique characteristics that are, to a certain extent, ancestral within vertebrates. In this paper, we examine the structure and the molecular evolution of the 5S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) region in 13 sturgeon species, comparing both the 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes(More)
Rumex acetosa is characterized by a multiple chromosome system (2n = 12 + XX for females, and 2n = 12 + XY1Y2 for males), in which sex is determined by the ratio between the number of X chromosomes and autosome sets. For a better understanding of the molecular structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, we have generated a sex chromosome specific(More)
In an ongoing effort to trace the evolution of the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia, we have searched for the existence of repetitive sequences specific to these chromosomes in the genome of this species by direct isolation from low-melting agarose gels of satellite DNA bands generated by digestion with restriction enzymes. Five monomeric units belonging(More)
The Hind III satellite DNA family, isolated from the Acipenser naccarii genome, was used as a probe for fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) on the karyotype of seven sturgeon species, six belonging to the genus Acipenser and one to Huso. All species except one (A. sturio) exhibit from 8 to 80 chromosome hybridization signals, mainly localized at the(More)
The molecular structure of the exceptional telomeres of six plant species belonging to the order Asparagales and two species of the order Liliales was analyzed using Southern blot and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Three different situations were found, namely: i) In the two Liliales species, Tulipa australis (Liliaceae) and Merendera montana(More)
This paper represents the first molecular cytogenetic characterization of the strictly dioecious pistachio tree (Pistacia vera L.). The karyotype was characterized by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with probes for 5S and 45S rDNAs, and the pistachio specific satellite DNAs PIVE-40, and PIVE-180, together with DAPI-staining. PIVE-180 has a(More)