Roberto de Cleva

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Bacterial translocation (BT) is a phenomenon in which live bacteria or its products cross the intestinal barrier. Gut translocation of bacteria has been shown in both animal and human studies. BT and its complications have been shown clearly to occur in animal models, but its existence and importance in humans has been difficult to ascertain. We review the(More)
BACKGROUND The body adiposity index (BAI) comprises a simple method for estimating body fat (BF) that needs to be validated in patients with severe obesity. The present study aimed to determine BAI accuracy with respect to the determination BF in patients with severe obesity. METHODS A cross-sectional prospective study comparing two methods for BF(More)
A particular event concerning a Swan-Ganz catheter complication is reported. A 41-year-old woman was admitted at the emergency room of our hospital with massive gastrointestinal bleeding. A total gastrectomy was performed. During the postoperative period in the intensive care unit, the patient maintained hemodynamic instability. Invasive hemodynamic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess systemic hemodynamic changes in patients with Manson's schistosomiasis and portal hypertension during azygoportal disconnection and splenectomy. METHODS Sixteen patients with portal hypertension secondary to hepatosplenic schistosomiasis with indication for surgery were studied prospectively. All underwent(More)
Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe and potentially fatal soft tissue infection, but involvement of the head and neck is rare. We report on 4 cases of cervical necrotizing fasciitis arising from tonsillitis. One patient was diabetic and one had received steroids before disease development. One patient developed acute respiratory failure and died of septic(More)
Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare non-atherosclerotic non-inflammatory vascular disease that affects mainly muscular arteries of the splanchnic and cerebral territories. Reported herein are two cases of SAM in young women with fatal outcome. One of the patients had an atypical form of the disease, which primarily affected small intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Thirty-four patients with portal hypertension and previous history of esophageal varices hemorrhage due to hepatosplenic Mansonic schistosomiasis were prospectively studied. METHODOLOGY All patients underwent invasive hemodynamic monitoring with introduction of a pulmonary artery catheter. Hemodynamic evaluation was characterized by an(More)
Achalasia, a poorly relaxing lower esophageal sphincter, produces a functional obstruction and the expected symptoms of dysphagia, regurgitation and eventually weight loss. The cause of achalasia remains largely unknown in Western countries, Chagas' disease being the most frequent etiology in Brazil. We report on two sets of monozygotic male twins with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Portal vein thrombosis is a frequent postoperative complication after esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze biochemical, hematological, coagulation blood tests and intraoperative portal vein hemodynamics after surgical treatment of hepatosplenic Mansonic schistosomal portal hypertension. (More)