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Clinical, neuropsychological and neuropsychophysiological data (Q-EEG, ERPs and CNV/RT activity) were obtained from 24 patients who had more or less severe presenile primary cognitive decline without depression, and compared with similar data from 10 age-matched healthy volunteers (mean age, 59.4 years). All of the patients (15 M and 9 F; mean age 59.6(More)
Spatially oriented segmentation allows researchers to break down the continuous stream of the ongoing EEG into microstates with stable topography of the brain electrical landscapes. The resulting microstates were shown to be related to conscious mental experience as well as to psychiatric disorders typically associated with thought disorders. In the present(More)
Our previous research in patients with extensive surgical ablations of the prefrontal cortex contradict the hypothesis of some authors that the generators of several auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) (N100; P200; N200; P300; SW), recordable in humans with depth/scalp electrodes and MEG over the prefrontal dorsolateral cortical areas, are essentially(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of disruption on the warning auditory S1-elicited ERP and CNV complexes recordable on the site and on remote ipsilateral apparently normal anatomo-functionally interconnected brain regions. These effects in some cases showed aspects of a probable diaschisis-like phenomenon, due to resections of extensive(More)
A total of 70 selected patients affected by reversible ischemic attacks in the vertebrobasilar system were studied. 50 patients presented transient ischemic attacks (TIA), while the other 20 patients suffered from 1-2 protracted transient ischemic attacks (PTIA). All patients underwent brainstem acoustic evoked potentials (BAEP) and electrooculography (EOG)(More)
CT and MR imaging showed diffuse changes of the frontal white matter and genu of the corpus callosum with minimal atrophy and no contrast enhancement in a 41-year-old woman with progressive dementia. Brain biopsy disclosed axonal spheroids and gliosis in the white matter without macrophage or inflammatory infiltration or vessel abnormalities consistent with(More)
20 selected right-handed very healthy subjects (10 young adults and 10 presenile subjects mean age 28.3 and 59.6) were tested for CNV activity with a simple warned reaction time (RT) paradigm. EEG and CNV components (post-S1, N1, P2, P3; early CNV; N1200; late CNV; CNV resolution) were recorded from Fz, C3, Cz, C4, P3, Pz, and P4 referenced to linked(More)
A right-handed 32-year-old woman had recurrent combined partial temporal and secondary generalized epileptic states almost constantly related to menstruations. During such more or less prolonged episodes sometimes the patient presented right adversive attacks with short postictal dysphasia. The catamenial status epilepticus observed in this cas was(More)
The so-called contingent negative variation (CNV) is a slow brain potential representing a complex of variously overlapped "endogenous" components of behavior related to different reasonably well-known neurocognitive processes. CNV complex evoked with a standard paradigm (S1-2 sec-S2-motor response) and reaction time (RT) to imperative signal (S2) were(More)