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Valproic acid (VPA) was given to 24 epileptic patients who were already being treated with other antiepileptic drugs. A standardized loading dose of VPA was administered, and venous blood was sampled at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours. Ammonia (NH3) was higher in patients who, during continuous therapy, complained of drowsiness (7 patients) than in those who were(More)
Spatially oriented segmentation allows researchers to break down the continuous stream of the ongoing EEG into microstates with stable topography of the brain electrical landscapes. The resulting microstates were shown to be related to conscious mental experience as well as to psychiatric disorders typically associated with thought disorders. In the present(More)
It has recently been shown that acute changes of venous blood ammonia (NH3) may predict short-term adverse effects of valproic acid (VPA). In the present study, the time course of NH3 concentration after a single oral dose of VPA (800 mg) was monitored in 68 epileptic patients. Patients were classified into four groups: previously untreated patients (group(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of disruption on the warning auditory S1-elicited ERP and CNV complexes recordable on the site and on remote ipsilateral apparently normal anatomo-functionally interconnected brain regions. These effects in some cases showed aspects of a probable diaschisis-like phenomenon, due to resections of extensive(More)
Adverse effects and venous blood ammonia concentrations were monitored over a period of 7 months in patients with epilepsy treated with valproate (VPA). During the 1st, 4th, 12th, 20th, and 28th weeks of therapy, blood samples for analysis of ammonia and anticonvulsants were taken immediately before the morning dose of VPA as well as 2 h after dosing. In(More)
A programmable calculator procedure allowing nonlinear least-squares fit to pharmacokinetic data conforming to the Michaelis-Menten model is described. Model parameter estimation is performed according to the iterative Gauss-Newton technique as modified by Hartley. This procedure thus employs the same theoretical approach used by most pharmacokinetic(More)
Sodium valproate was administered to 38 patients, admitted to our unit in the last 18 months, and chosen because they had: (1) poor control of their seizures; (2) therapeutic concentrations in their plasma of at least two major antiepileptic drugs. In 8 of them, a therapeutic dosage of VPA caused modifications of the state of consciousness ranging from coma(More)
A functional assessment of the acoustic pathways in a group of 9 patients with Friedreich's ataxia was performed. In none of them was symptomatic auditory impairment noticeable. All patients were submitted to audiological tests and AEP recording. AEPs included early (BAEPs), middle (MLCs) and long (LLCs) latency components. The absence of one or more BAEP(More)