Roberto Verzicco

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Direct numerical simulation and stereoscopic particle image velocimetry of turbulent convection are used to gather spatial data for the calculation of structure functions. We wish to add to the ongoing discussion in the literature whether temperature acts as an active or passive scalar in turbulent convection, with consequences for structure-function(More)
Two different aortic prostheses can be used for performing the Bentall procedure: a standard straight graft and the Valsalva graft that better reproduces the aortic root anatomy. The aim of the present work is to study the effect of the graft geometry on the blood flow when a bileaflet mechanical heart valve is used, as well as to evaluate the stress(More)
Experimental and numerical data for the heat transfer as a function of the Rayleigh, Prandtl, and Rossby numbers in turbulent rotating Rayleigh-Bénard convection are presented. For relatively small Ra approximately 10(8) and large Pr modest rotation can enhance the heat transfer by up to 30%. At larger Ra there is less heat-transfer enhancement, and at(More)
Two-dimensional simulations of Rayleigh-Bénard convection at Ra=5×10^{10} show that vertical logarithmic mean temperature profiles can be observed in regions of the boundary layer where thermal plumes are emitted. The profile is logarithmic only in these regions and not in the rest of the boundary layer where it is sheared by the large-scale wind and(More)
The in vivo evaluation of prosthetic device performance is often difficult, if not impossible. In particular, in order to deal with potential problems such as thrombosis, haemolysis, etc., which could arise when a patient undergoes heart valve replacement, a thorough understanding of the blood flow dynamics inside the devices interacting with natural or(More)
Results from direct numerical simulations for three dimensional Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a cylindrical cell of aspect ratio 1/2 and Pr = 0.7 are presented. They span five decades of Ra from 2× 10 to 2× 10. Good numerical resolution with grid spacing ∼ Kolmogorov scale turns out to be crucial to accurately calculate the Nusselt number, which is in good(More)
We report results for the temperature profiles of turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection (RBC) in the interior of a cylindrical sample of aspect ratio Γ≡D/L=0.50 (D and L are the diameter and height, respectively). Both in the classical and in the ultimate state of RBC we find that the temperature varies as A×ln(z/L)+B, where z is the distance from the bottom(More)
The heat transfer mechanism in Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a liquid with a mean temperature close to its boiling point is studied through numerical simulations with pointlike vapor bubbles, which are allowed to grow or shrink through evaporation and condensation and which act back on the flow both thermally and mechanically. It is shown that the effect of(More)
The effect of various velocity boundary condition is studied in two-dimensional Rayleigh-Bénard convection. Combinations of no-slip, stress-free, and periodic boundary conditions are used on both the sidewalls and the horizontal plates. For the studied Rayleigh numbers Ra between 10(8) and 10(11) the heat transport is lower for Γ=0.33 than for Γ=1 in case(More)
We numerically investigate the structures of the near-plate temperature profiles close to the bottom and top plates of turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard flow in a cylindrical sample at Rayleigh numbers Ra = 10(8) to Ra = 2 × 10(12) and Prandtl numbers Pr = 6.4 and Pr = 0.7 with the dynamical frame method [Zhou and Xia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 104301 (2010)], thus(More)