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Evaluation of Cryptococcus neoformans virulence in a number of nonmammalian hosts suggests that C. neoformans is a nonspecific pathogen. We used the killing of Galleria mellonella (the greater wax moth) caterpillar by C. neoformans to develop an invertebrate host model system that can be used to study cryptococcal virulence, host immune responses to(More)
Cryptococcal infections are a global cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Recent studies support the hypothesis that virulence of Cryptococcus neoformans may have evolved via survival selection in environmental hosts, such as amoebae and free-living nematodes. We used killing of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans by C. neoformans as an assay to(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether genetically similar or diverse strains of Listeria monocytogenes colonize the environment and carcasses in a single Spanish broiler abattoir over time. The study was composed of 5 surveys over a 1.5-yr period and included the monitoring of cleaning and disinfection procedures. Overall, a total of 212(More)
In this study, we investigated whether inflammatory responses contribute to oxidative/nitrosative stress in patients with Chagas' disease. We used three tests (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immuno-flow cytometry, and STAT-PAK immunochromatography) to screen human serum samples (n = 1,481) originating from Chiapas, Mexico, for Trypanosoma cruzi-specific(More)
Epigenetic aberrancies likely preclude correct and complete nuclear reprogramming after somatic cell nucleus transfer (SCNT) and may underlie the observed reduced viability of cloned embryos. In the current study, we tested the effects of the histone deacetylase-inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) on preimplantation development and on histone acetylation and the(More)
Among the factors that affect the efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in pigs, the activation protocol is the most variable among the current SCNT procedures. The aim of this study is focused on defining an efficient activation treatment of porcine oocytes. In Experiment 1, we studied the effects of nine different oocyte activation procedures(More)
Patients attended by palliative care teams: are they always comparable populations? To answer this question we have compared the basic epidemiological characteristics of patients attended by home palliative care teams (HPCT) in two autonomous regions of Spain. We carried out a coordinated analytical, observational and prospective study in two Spanish(More)
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