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Susceptibility to autoimmune insulin-dependent (type 1) diabetes mellitus is determined by a combination of environmental and genetic factors, which include variation in MHC genes on chromosome 6p21 (IDDM1) and the insulin gene on chromosome 11p15 (IDDM2). However, linkage to IDDM1 and IDDM2 cannot explain the clustering of type 1 diabetes in families, and(More)
The role of human chromosome 2 in type 1 diabetes was evaluated by analysing linkage and linkage disequilibrium at 21 microsatellite marker loci, using 348 affected sibpair families and 107 simplex families. The microsatellite D2S152 was linked to, and associated with, disease in families from three different populations. Our evidence localizes a new(More)
Celiac disease (CD), a malabsorption disorder of the small intestine, results from ingestion of gluten. The HLA risk factors involved in CD are well known but do not explain the entire genetic susceptibility. To determine the localization of other genetic risk factors, a systematic screening of the genome has been undertaken. The typing information of 281(More)
Genetic association analysis of candidate regions where evidence of linkage has accumulated is becoming a key issue in the study of complex diseases. A high density of markers, at least one per centimorgan, is required to improve the chances of observing linkage disequilibrium with disease alleles. A recently available single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)(More)
A three-allele polymorphic system is detectable by direct electrophoretic analysis of the amplified 5′ untranslated und 5′ flanking regions of the HLA-linked HSP70-1 gene. Single nucleotide differences at two sites, i.e., − 110 and + 120, are responsible for changes in the bending pattern and, consequently, in the electrophoretic mobility of the three(More)
A method for preparing radiolabelled human Ia antigens and a utilization of the labelled antigens in defining the Ia specificity of antigens and antisera are presented. The standard preparation procedure involves solubilization with Renex 30 (a non-ionic detergent), purification by gel filtration and lectin-affinity chromatography, and radioiodination, and(More)
Coeliac disease (CD) is a malabsorptive disorder of the small intestine resulting from ingestion of gluten. The HLA risk factors involved in CD are well known but do not explain the whole genetic susceptibility. Several regions of potential linkage on chromosomes 3q, 5q, 10q, 11q, 15q and 19q have already been reported in the literature. These six regions(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The genetic load in coeliac disease has hitherto been inferred from case series or anecdotally referred twin pairs. We have evaluated the genetic component in coeliac disease by estimating the concordance rate for the disease among twin pairs in a large population based study. METHODS The Italian Twin Registry was matched with the(More)
The immunochemical analysis of Daudi Ia molecules by a variety of alloantisera led to the recognition of at least three molecular species carrying different antigenic determinants: DRw6, DC-1, and DC-2. Genetic as well as structural evidence indicates that DRw6 and DC-1 molecules are controlled by separate, HLA-linked loci, rather than by alleles at the(More)