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The production of active Arylsulfatase A is a key step in the development of enzyme replacement therapy for Metachromatic Leukodystrophy. To obtain large amounts of purified Arylsulfatase A for therapeutic use, we combined a retroviral expression system with a versatile and rapid purification protocol that can easily and reliably be adapted to(More)
BACKGROUND The determination of cellular beta-galactocerebrosidase activity is an established procedure to diagnose Krabbe disease and monitor the efficacy of gene/stem cell-based therapeutic approaches aimed at restoring defective enzymatic activity in patients or disease models. Current biochemical assays for beta-galactocerebrosidase show high(More)
In this work we showed that genotype-related patterns of hexosaminidase activity, isoenzyme composition, gene expression and ganglioside metabolism observed during embryonic and postnatal brain development are recapitulated during the progressive stages of neural precursor cell (NPC) differentiation to mature glia and neurons in vitro. Further, by comparing(More)
It is a general concern that the success of regenerative medicine-based applications is based on the ability to recapitulate the molecular events that allow stem cells to repair the damaged tissue/organ. To this end biomaterials are designed to display properties that, in a precise and physiological-like fashion, could drive stem cell fate both in vitro and(More)
BACKGROUND NO* is a key molecule involved in the regulation of cell survival, proliferation and differentiation in many cell types. In this study we investigated the contribution of NO* during the differentiation of human peripheral blood hemopoietic stem cells (CD34+HSCs) toward immunogenic dendritic cells (i-DCs). METHODS We depleted autocrine NO*(More)
RNA interference technology is an ideal strategy to elucidate the mechanisms associated with human CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cell differentiation into dendritic cells. Simple manipulations in vitro can unequivocally yield alloreactive or tolerogenic populations, suggesting key implications of biochemical players that might emerge as therapeutic targets for(More)
Multiple epidemiological studies have shown that individuals affected by type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carry a 2-to-5-fold higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) when compared to non-diabetic subjects. Thus, biochemical parameters that can be easily and routinely assessed for high-confidence evaluation of diabetic conditions leading to AD(More)
This study investigated how the design of surface topography may stimulate stem cell differentiation towards a neural lineage. To this end, hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) groove topographies with width/spacing ridges ranging from 80/40μm, 40/30μm and 30/20μm and depth of 24 nm were used as a single mechanotransducer stimulus to generate neural cells(More)
In this study, we investigated whether multipotent (human-bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells [hBM-MSCs]) and pluripotent stem cells (murine-induced pluripotent stem cells [iPSCs] and murine embryonic stem cells [ESCs]) respond to nanocomposite fibrous mats of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) loaded with 1 or 8 wt % of calcium-deficient nanohydroxyapatite(More)
BACKGROUND: The determination of cellular ␤-galacto-cerebrosidase activity is an established procedure to diagnose Krabbe disease and monitor the efficacy of gene/stem cell– based therapeutic approaches aimed at restoring defective enzymatic activity in patients or disease models. Current biochemical assays for ␤-galacto-cerebrosidase show high specificity(More)