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The region 6q27 from human chromosome 6 has been reported to contain one or more tumor suppressor genes on the basis of cytogenetic, molecular and functional studies. We have recently carried out a detailed analysis of a candidate gene from 6q27 to evaluate its putative role as a tumor suppressor gene involved in ovarian cancer pathogenesis. The RNASET2(More)
Ribonucleases are ubiquitous enzymes involved in RNA metabolism and are classified in several families on the basis of their structural, catalytic, and biological properties. Here, we describe characterization of the only human member of the Rh/T2/S family of acid hydrolases so far described, named RNASET2. This protein was previously reported to have an(More)
In the cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene a few small deletions and only a large, complex, 50-kb deletion have been described so far. We report a second large deletion, which had been hypothesized in a patient affected by cystic fibrosis on the basis of an abnormal pattern of inheritance of the intragenic microsatellites(More)
We report the cloning of the human homologue of the rat metalloprotease N-arginine dibasic convertase (NRD convertase). This endopeptidase is responsible for the processing, at the Arg-Lys dibasic site on the N-terminal side of the arginine residue, of propeptides and proproteins. Comparisons of the human and rat full-length cDNAs show similarity and(More)
The identification and functional characterization of genes on chromosome 21 is a necessary step to understand the pathogenesis of the various phenotypic anomalies that affect Down syndrome patients. Using direct cDNA selection we have identified a new gene, SH3BGR, that maps to 21q22.3, proximal to HMG14, and is differentially expressed in heart and(More)
The stromal interaction molecular 1 gene (STIM1) encodes a type I trans-membrane protein of unknown function, which induces growth arrest and degeneration of the human tumor cell lines G401 and RD but not HBL100 and CaLu-6, suggesting a role in the pathogenesis of rhabdomyosarcomas and rhabdoid tumors. Here, we describe the STIM1 genomic organization(More)
A recent body of evidence indicates an active role for stromal (mis)-regulation in the progression of neoplasias. Within this conceptual framework, genes belonging to the growing but still poorly characterized class of tumor antagonizing/malignancy suppressor genes (TAG/MSG) seem to play a crucial role in the regulation of the cross-talk between stromal and(More)
In recent years, the role played by the stromal microenvironment has been given growing attention in order to achieve a full understanding of cancer initiation and progression. Because cancer is a tissue-based disease, the integrity of tissue architecture is a major constraint toward cancer growth. Indeed, a large contribution of the natural resistance to(More)
As widely recognized, tumor growth entails a close and complex cross-talk among cancer cells and the surrounding tumor microenvironment. We recently described the human RNASET2 gene as one key player of such microenvironmental cross-talk. Indeed, the protein encoded by this gene is an extracellular RNase which is able to control cancer growth in a non-cell(More)
We report the expression of recombinant RNASET2, the only human member of the Rh/T2/S family of acid ribonucleases, in the yeast Pichia pastoris and the baculovirus-insect cell heterologous systems. In both models, the yield of recombinant protein was comparable and ranged between 5 mg/L (for a catalytically impaired mutant version of RNASET2) and 30 mg/L(More)