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Multi-echelon distribution systems are quite common in supply-chain and logistic systems. They are used by public administrations in their transportation and traffic planning strategies as well as by companies to model their distribution systems. In the literature, most of the studies address issues related to the movement of flows throughout the system(More)
A practical nurse rostering problem, which arises at a ward of an Italian hospital, is considered. The nurse rostering problem is a typical employee timetabling problem, where each month it is required to generate the nursing staff shifts subject to various contractual and operational requirements. These requirements may be in conflict especially for those(More)
One of the main issues in addressing three-dimensional packing problems is finding an efficient and accurate definition of the points where to place the items inside the bins. The performance of exact and heuristic methods is actually strongly influenced by the choice of a placement rule. We introduce the Extreme Point concept and present a new Extreme(More)
We consider the Variable Cost and Size Bin Packing Problem, a generalization of the well-known bin packing problem, where a set of items must be packed into a set of heterogeneous bins characterized by possibly different volumes and fixed selection costs. The objective of the problem is to select bins to pack all items at minimum total bin-selection cost.(More)