Roberto Salema

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The present study was carried out in order to examine and characterize the bidirectional hydrogenase in the cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. strain PCC 73102. Southern hybridizations with the probes Av1 and Av3 (hoxY and hoxH, bidirectional hydrogenase small and large subunits, respectively) revealed the occurrence of corresponding sequences in Anabaena variabilis(More)
In tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) leaves, the predominant glutamine synthetase (GS; EC 6.3.1.2) is chloroplastic (GS2; 45 kDa) whereas the cytosolic isoform (GS1; 39 kDa) is represented as a minor enzyme. Following either infection by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) or treatment with phosphinothricin (PPT), a GS inhibitor, GS1 accumulated in(More)
Amaranthus hypochondriacus ovules are of the crassinucellate type, having several layers of nucellus cells between the micropyle and the embryo sac through which pollen tubes have to penetrate. The ultrastructural features of the micropylar nucellus cells appear to reflect cells with high metabolic activity. With the monoclonal antibodies MAC207 and JIM8(More)
In this paper we have studied the localisation of expression of the two functional cytosolic glutamine synthetase (GS) genes, MtGSa and MtGSb, in root nodules of the model legume Medicago truncatula. We have used a combination of different techniques, including immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridisation and promoter β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusions in(More)
The in vitro bulb formation by shoot clumpcultures of N. triandrus on media with jasmonicacid (JA) alone or in association with both2-isopentenyladenine (2-iP) or naphthalene acetic acid(NAA) and on medium with only NAA was studied. Themedia with JA plus 2-iP or JA plus NAA caused a highmultiplication of leaves, significantly higher on thatwith 2-iP. Leaf(More)
Two glutamine synthetase (GS) polypeptides (44 and 39 kD) were immunodetected on western blots of leaf extracts from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), a plant that has been reported to contain only chloroplast GS in the leaves. By immunocytochemical methods, we confirmed the localization of GS in the cytosol of cells in the vascular tissue and in the(More)
Cell lines able to grow on media containing 50, 100, 150 or 200 mM NaCl were established from potato callus cultures by direct recurrent selection or gradual selection. In callus subjected to direct selection only small clusters of cells survived on medium with 150 or 200 mM NaCl, whereas on 100 mM small cell portions appear necrotic. When cell lines were(More)
The function of aspartic proteinases (EC 3.4.23) present in flowers of Cynara species is still unknown. Cardosin A, as a highly abundant aspartic proteinase from Cynara cardunculus L., a relative of the artichoke, is synthesised as a zymogen and subsequently undergoes proteolytic processing, yielding the mature and active enzyme. Here we report the study of(More)
In an effort to elucidate the diversity of cyanobacterial hydrogenases, we used a molecular approach. Filamentous strains from a broad range of sources were screened for the presence of hup (uptake hydrogenase), xisC (rearrangement within hupL), and hox (bidirectional hydrogenase) genes. As expected, an uptake hydrogenase seems to be present in all(More)
Endosperm transfer cells in maize have extensive cell wall ingrowths that play a key role in kernel development. Although the incorporation of lignin would support this process, its presence in these structures has not been reported in previous studies. We used potassium permanganate staining combined with transmission electron microscopy - energy(More)