Roberto Rusconi

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Microfluidics has significantly contributed to the expansion of the frontiers of microbial ecology over the past decade by allowing researchers to observe the behaviors of microbes in highly controlled microenvironments, across scales from a single cell to mixed communities. Spatially and temporally varying distributions of organisms and chemical cues that(More)
Bacteria within biofilms secrete and surround themselves with an extracellular matrix, which serves as a first line of defense against antibiotic attack. Polysaccharides constitute major elements of the biofilm matrix and are implied in surface adhesion and biofilm organization, but their contributions to the resistance properties of biofilms remain largely(More)
Though a rare cause of stroke in the general population, in almost one quarter of young patients affected by stroke cervical artery dissection (CAD) is the underlying cause. Among these cases "spontaneous" dissections, intended as non-traumatic, represent about 34% of posterior circulation arterial dissection in patients aged less than 18 years. We here(More)
We exploit the recent developments of microfluidic technologies to investigate the collective shear-induced diffusion in suspensions of micron-sized particles. Whereas spherical particles do not diffuse on the time scale of our experiments, the results with platelike clay particles show a strong cross-stream shear-induced diffusivity at low volume fraction(More)
We found this particular case during the course of a clinical trial designed to assess the pharmacokinetics of oral prednisone in normal and diseased children. The plasma concentrations of prednisone, its main metabolite prednisolone, and endogenous cortisol were measured by HPLC at selected times during 8-h periods starting at 7:30 a.m. One 9.9-year-old(More)
Logarithmic sensing in Bacillus subtilis aerotaxis General rights Copyright for the publications made accessible via the Edinburgh Research Explorer is retained by the author(s) and / or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing these publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights. Take(More)
Quorum sensing (QS) is a population-density dependent chemical process that enables bacteria to communicate based on the production, secretion and sensing of small inducer molecules. While recombinant constructs have been widely used to decipher the molecular details of QS, how those findings translate to natural QS systems has remained an open question.(More)
We demonstrate a novel pattern that results in bacterial biofilms as a result of the competition between hydrodynamic forces and adhesion forces. After the passage of an air plug, the break-up of the residual thin liquid film scrapes and rearranges bacteria on the surface, such that a 'Swiss cheese' pattern of holes is left in the residual biofilm. Bacteria(More)
A boy aged 10 years was referred to the Paediatric Department of Milan University Hospital, Milan, Italy, with a long history of pain in the lower limbs, alleviated only by exposure to cold. His legs were swollen, with multiple cutaneous ulcers. He had severe painful crises, and was totally incapacitated. After the diagnosis of erythermalgia was made,(More)
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