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Increasing prominence is being given to the use of best current evidence in clinical practice and health services and programme management decision-making. The role of information in evidence-based practice (EBP) is discussed, together with questions of how advanced information systems and technology (IS&T) can contribute to the establishment of a broader(More)
This paper reviews trends and issues in health and in the information and communication technologies (ICT) market as they relate to the deployment of eHealth solutions in Latin America and the Caribbean. Heretofore designed for industrialized countries and large organizations, eHealth solutions are being proposed as an answer to a variety of health-system(More)
BACKGROUND The sharing of information resources is generally accepted as the key to substantial improvements in productivity and better quality of care. In addition, due to the greater mobility of the population, national and international healthcare networks are increasingly used to facilitate the sharing of healthcare-related information among the various(More)
BACKGROUND Scientifically based clinical guidelines have become increasingly used to educate physicians and improve quality of care. While individual guidelines are potentially useful, repeated studies have shown that guidelines are ineffective in changing physician behavior. The Internet has evolved as a potentially useful tool for guideline education,(More)
This paper reports the results of a study on a first sight decision tree algorithm for cursive script recognition based on the use of histogram as a projection profile technique. A postal code image data scanned is converted in a 2-dimension matrix representation to be used with a set of algorithms to provide full range segmentation. The results, based on(More)
Teleradiology is one of the most evolved areas of telemedicine, but one of the basic problems which remains unsolved concerns system compatibility. The DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) standard is a prerequisite, but it is not sufficient in all aspects. Examples of other currently open issues are security and cooperative work in(More)
The thesis of this review is that oxidative stress is the central factor in major depressive disorder (MDD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The major elements involved are inflammatory cytokines, the hypothalamic–pituitary axis, the hypothalamic–pituitary gonadal, and arginine vasopressin systems, which induce glucocorticoid and “oxidopamatergic” cascades(More)
Information and communication technologies (ICT) are leading to a progressive blossoming of automation in the health sector. This development of 'e-health' is occurring not only in libraries, business offices and the management of assets, but also regarding patient administrative data, instrumentation and diagnostic equipment, departmental systems, and(More)