Roberto Proaño

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INTRODUCTION A clinically significant endemic focus of onchocerciasis existing in Esmeraldas Province, coastal Ecuador has been under an ivermectin mass drug administration program since 1991. The main transmitting vector in this area is the voracious blackfly, Simulium exiguum. This paper describes the assessments made that support the decision to cease(More)
BACKGROUND Onchocerciasis is a leading cause of blindness worldwide, hence elimination of the infection is an important health priority. Community-based treatment programs with ivermectin form the basis of control programs for the disease in Latin America. The long-term administration of ivermectin could eliminate Onchocerca volvulus infection from endemic(More)
PURPOSE Onchocerciasis is a major cause of blindness in the developing world. An autoimmune pathogenesis for onchocercal chorioretinopathy was proposed after the identification of a recombinant Onchocerca volvulus antigen (designated Ov39) demonstrated immunologic crossreactivity with a component of the retinal pigment epithelium and other ocular tissues.(More)
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